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Improved utilization of urban waste, Hubli-Dharwad City Region, Karnataka, India

Summary

Municipal solid waste (MSW) can be a valuable fertilizer for peri-urban farmers in India. An integrated approach to urban waste management, currently absent, is needed to improve its use, to include segregation of waste materials (removal of plastic and glass), thereby halting the decline in quality, and its management and marketing in an environmentally sustainable way. The addition of night soil would improve the nutrient content of MSW. There is a range of options that could be considered to maintain access to MSW by near-urban farmers, including subsidizing composts produced by the private sector, producing a range of composts at different prices and maintaining access for both farmers and the private sector.

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