Middle East and North Africa

This category contains 116 resources

Agroforestry Coffee cultivation in combination with mulching, trenches and organic composting in Uganda

This technology describes a combination of good practices for soil and water conservation that were introduced to coffee farmers in the central cattle corridor of Uganda, with the aim to enhance their resilience to dry spells, pests and diseases, as part of the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) project on Agriculture Adaptation to Climate Change in Uganda. The combination of good practices include: (a) mulching, a low cost practice that consists in covering the soil with locally available degradable plant materials to reduce water runoff and evapotranspiration; (b) digging contour trenches for harvesting water during the rainy season while preserving soil quality; (c) preparation and application of organic compost to improve soil fertility at low costs; and (d) planting shade trees within the coffee plantation in order to provide shade and improve soil fertility.

Apicultura: confección de cajón triple

El cajón triple es una estructura que permite la optimización del espacio, de material y compartir el calor que generan las tres familias pequeñas que se encuentran dentro de este cajón adaptado para este propósito. Algunos apicultores utilizan este sistema para la generación de núcleos con pequeñas familias y también es utilizado como cajón de fecundación ya que es fácil revisarlo y requiere pocas abejas para mantener a una reina en su interior. Esta tecnología explica cómo construir un cajón triple y su uso.

Comment récolter la propolis brute d’une ruche

La propolis, parfois comparée à de la « colle d’abeille », est une mixture résineuse que les abeilles récoltent sur les bourgeons des arbres et des résines végétales. La propolis est utilisée par les abeilles dans la ruche comme un matériel de construction ainsi que pour protéger la colonie contre les maladies. Les propriétés antimicrobienne et antivirale de la propolis ont été prouvées par de nombreuses études durant les dernières années. De plus, la propolis constitue une source de revenus supplémentaires pour qui souhaite l’extraire et la valoriser dans les domaines de la santé et du bien-être. Cette technologie explique comment collecter la propolis de la ruche des abeilles.

Simple non-circulating hydroponic method for vegetables

Hydroponics is the most common method of soil-less culture (growing agricultural plants without the use of soil), which includes growing plants either on a substrate or in an aqueous medium with bare roots. Non-circulating hydroponic methods, importantly, do not require electricity or a pump. With the method presented in this document, the entire crop can be grown with only an initial application of water and nutrients. No additional water or fertilizer are needed. The crop is normally terminated when most of the nutrient solution is consumed. This document provides two detailed step-by-step description of simple, non-circulating hydroponic growing kits for growing vegetables at a small scale, one for short term vegetables (e.g. lettuce or kai choy) and the other for long-term vegetables (e.g. cucumber or tomato).

Comment fabriquer de l’extrait de propolis à base de propolis brute

La propolis, ou «colle d'abeille », est un mélange résineux que les abeilles récoltent sur les bourgeons des arbres et des résines végétales. La propolis est utilisée par les abeilles dans la ruche pour ses propriétés antimicrobiennes et anti-virales. Les humains peuvent également bénéficier des propriétés de la propolis. En raison de son pouvoir de guérison, la propolis devient une matière très utile (et pas chère) pour le traitement et la prévention de nombreux problèmes de santé chez les humains et d'autres animaux tels que les bovins, les chiens, les chats ou les oiseaux. La propolis peut être utilisée brute ou sous forme d’extraits. Cette technologie explique comment fabriquer des extraits de propolis à base d’alcool, d’eau ou d’huile à partir de la propolis brute.

How to collect drone larvae from the bee hive

Drones are male honey bees. Unlike the female worker bee, drones do not have a stinger and do not participate in nectar and pollen gathering. A drone's primary role is to mate with an infertile queen. The value of drone larvae as a nutritional supplement has been proven in many studies conducted over the years and drone larvae have been used as food for thousands of years by the most ancient civilizations such as Chinese, Egyptian, Mayan, etc.  Drone larvae therefore offer the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of drone larvae and to use drone larvae for improved health and wellbeing.  This technology explains how to collect drone larvae from the hive.

How to process raw drone larvae into value added products

Drones are male honey bees and their primary role is to mate with an infertile queen. The value of drone larvae as a nutritional supplement has been already proven and drone larvae have been used as food for thousands of years by the most ancient civilizations. Drone larvae can also be used as food for animals as they are very rich in nutrients.  Drone larvae therefore offer the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of drone larvae and the consumption of drone larvae can contribute to improved health and well-being.  This technology explains how to process drone larvae into value added products.

Les virus des abeilles

Les maladies virales des abeilles sont répandues à travers le monde. Elles sont généralement sous-évaluées par les apiculteurs: elles peuvent causer de graves pertes économiques si elles sont associées à d'autres maladies des abeilles. L’acarien Varroa destructor a grandement contribué à augmenter l'incidence des maladies virales. Varroa est un support passif de virus d'abeilles qui sont transmis aux abeilles à travers la salive de l'acarien. En outre, le varroa affaiblit le système immunitaire des abeilles, ce qui peut permettre la réactivation d'infections virales latentes déjà présentes dans le corps de l'abeille. D’autres maladies d’abeilles qui créent les conditions pour l'apparition de maladies virales sont la nosémose, la loque européenne et l'amibiase. La transmission du virus se produit généralement horizontalement (par exemple à travers les excréments d'abeilles, la gelée royale, la salive du varroa, l'apiculteur), mais la transmission des principaux virus d'abeilles se produit verticalement (de la reine au couvain). Cette fiche décrit les causes et les symptômes des virus chez les abeilles, comment ces maladies se propagent, et la façon de les aborder et d'empêcher leur diffusion.

How to make added value products with dead bees

Honey bees bodies have important healing properties and dead bees have been used for treating and/or curing diseases for thousands of years. The oldest civilizations like Chinese, Egyptian, Maya and Romans, used dead bees in extracts to keep healthy and to treat diseases. Dead bees can also be used in agriculture as compost for the soil. This technology explains how to collect dead bees and how to make value added products with dead bees.

Improved rainwater harvesting for fodder shrub production and livestock grazing: the Vallerani micro-catchment system in the Badia of Jordan

The Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) region is characterized by a wide variability in rainfall and temperature. In these areas, evapotranspiration largely exceeds the amount of rainfall, leading to droughts with low forage production and water availability. The concurrent increase in human population with the growing demand for meat has led to increased grazing pressures on rangelands and the exhaustion of their potential productivity. The Badia in Jordan constitutes the largest part of the country. It encompasses approximately 72 thousand square kilometers, corresponding to 81 % of the total area of the country. Increased grazing pressure and cultivation of traditional and fragile grazing lands has led to severe degradation of the Badia rangelands. Since the main limiting factors to growth of plants in the Badia are low precipitation, and poor soil quality, the little precipitation water can be collected by establishing micro catchments on the rangelands. The Vallerani System is an intervention strategy for soil regeneration that integrates technology, traditional techniques and the application of good cultural practices adapted to the local reality, to restore big surfaces of degraded arid and semi-arid rangelands. Its application allows pasture improvement, reforestation and the establishment of agro-forestry sites, thus also enhancing the socio-economic development of the local communities affected. This practice explains the Vallerani System and highlights its benefits and limitations. The practical implementation of the system is described on the basis of an example of the Badia rangeland rehabilitation project, implemented by ICARDA within the first decade of the new millenium.

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