East Asia and Pacific

This category contains 165 resources

Apicultura: confección de cajón triple

El cajón triple es una estructura que permite la optimización del espacio, de material y compartir el calor que generan las tres familias pequeñas que se encuentran dentro de este cajón adaptado para este propósito. Algunos apicultores utilizan este sistema para la generación de núcleos con pequeñas familias y también es utilizado como cajón de fecundación ya que es fácil revisarlo y requiere pocas abejas para mantener a una reina en su interior. Esta tecnología explica cómo construir un cajón triple y su uso.

Traditional floating garden practices for seedling production in Bangladesh

The floating garden practice is a local indigenous production system most successful in the wetland/submerged areas of selected south and south-western districts (Pirojpur, Barisal and Gopalganj) in Bangladesh. Floating garden agricultural practices have been adopted by local farmers for near two centuries. This technology describes how to construct and use floating gardens for seedling production of vegetable and spice crops in Bangladesh.

Improvements of traditional floating gardens for vegetable production in Bangladesh

Floating agriculture (locally name as vasoman/dhap chash) is a local innovative crop production technology for the submerged ecosystem of the southern region of Bangladesh. Traditionally, the farmers of Gopalganj, Pirojpur and Barisal districts have been practicing the farming technology since about two centuries for adaptation with the flooded/submerged condition. To improve the traditional floating garden agriculture practices for growing cucurbits or creeper type of vegetable crops successfully research programmes were undertaken. This technology describes how the improved practice for vegetable production is implemented and managed.

Traditional floating garden practices for vegetable production in Bangladesh

Floating garden practice is a local indigenous production system most successful in the wetland/submerged/flooded areas of selected south and south-western districts (Pirojpur, Barisal and Gopalganj) of Bangladesh. Floating garden agricultural practices have been adopted by the local farmers since about two centuries ago. This technology describes in detail how to construct and manage floating gardens for production of different crops (vegetables and spices).

Raising Chicken without Grain: the Integrated Compost and Poultry System

The integrated compost and poultry system is a farming method that combines composting, poultry raising, and egg production. It is a low-cost method to raise chickens while producing good quality compost. Feed costs are almost eliminated because food scraps, manure, and mulch are used for feed – all of which can be obtained from either the same farm or sourced cheaply from nearby restaurants or markets. These birds are fed a zero-grain diet and are comparatively more robust and toned than grain-fed chickens. The number of eggs produced from compost-fed chickens is the same, if not more (by up to 1/3), than that of grain-fed chickens. The protein content in the chicken feed is high and very good quality compost is made from this system. The system explained in this technology employs a trailer that provides housing for protection of predators, collection of eggs, and capture of feces of the chicken to enrich the compost. An automatic watering system ensures that there is always enough water for the birds to keep them hydrated. The resulting compost is rich in nutrients and is recycled into vegetable gardens that produce high quality fruits and vegetables. This system is designed for about 36 adult birds because the chicken coop (a repurposed trailer) has six perches; each perch holds six chickens. The chickens have the option to lay their eggs on two different sides of the trailer where they are housed. Depending on the breed and the age of the birds, in four weeks’ time, this system will produce a high amount of quality compost, over 200 eggs, and robust chickens that can continue to produce eggs or be processed for food.

Making farm-made fish feed for small-scale farms

Fish feed/aquafeed is one of the most expensive inputs for small aquaculture farms. At the same time it is one of the most important components, especially for the whole aquaculture ecosystem. This is also true for aquaponics because the fish feed sustains both the fish and vegetable growth. The technology below provides two simple recipes for a balanced fish feed for use in small-scale fish farms or aquaponic systems. The first formulation is made with proteins of vegetable origin, mainly soybean meal. The second formulation is mainly made with fishmeal. In addition, the technology provides a selection of live fish feed to supplement the pelleted feed. This technology of farm-made aquafeed production is most appropriate for small-scale aquaculture farming, and is best used when commercial feed is difficult or expensive to obtain.

Comment récolter la propolis brute d’une ruche

La propolis, parfois comparée à de la « colle d’abeille », est une mixture résineuse que les abeilles récoltent sur les bourgeons des arbres et des résines végétales. La propolis est utilisée par les abeilles dans la ruche comme un matériel de construction ainsi que pour protéger la colonie contre les maladies. Les propriétés antimicrobienne et antivirale de la propolis ont été prouvées par de nombreuses études durant les dernières années. De plus, la propolis constitue une source de revenus supplémentaires pour qui souhaite l’extraire et la valoriser dans les domaines de la santé et du bien-être. Cette technologie explique comment collecter la propolis de la ruche des abeilles.

Simple non-circulating hydroponic method for vegetables

Hydroponics is the most common method of soil-less culture (growing agricultural plants without the use of soil), which includes growing plants either on a substrate or in an aqueous medium with bare roots. Non-circulating hydroponic methods, importantly, do not require electricity or a pump. With the method presented in this document, the entire crop can be grown with only an initial application of water and nutrients. No additional water or fertilizer are needed. The crop is normally terminated when most of the nutrient solution is consumed. This document provides two detailed step-by-step description of simple, non-circulating hydroponic growing kits for growing vegetables at a small scale, one for short term vegetables (e.g. lettuce or kai choy) and the other for long-term vegetables (e.g. cucumber or tomato).

Comment fabriquer de l’extrait de propolis à base de propolis brute

La propolis, ou «colle d'abeille », est un mélange résineux que les abeilles récoltent sur les bourgeons des arbres et des résines végétales. La propolis est utilisée par les abeilles dans la ruche pour ses propriétés antimicrobiennes et anti-virales. Les humains peuvent également bénéficier des propriétés de la propolis. En raison de son pouvoir de guérison, la propolis devient une matière très utile (et pas chère) pour le traitement et la prévention de nombreux problèmes de santé chez les humains et d'autres animaux tels que les bovins, les chiens, les chats ou les oiseaux. La propolis peut être utilisée brute ou sous forme d’extraits. Cette technologie explique comment fabriquer des extraits de propolis à base d’alcool, d’eau ou d’huile à partir de la propolis brute.

How to collect drone larvae from the bee hive

Drones are male honey bees. Unlike the female worker bee, drones do not have a stinger and do not participate in nectar and pollen gathering. A drone's primary role is to mate with an infertile queen. The value of drone larvae as a nutritional supplement has been proven in many studies conducted over the years and drone larvae have been used as food for thousands of years by the most ancient civilizations such as Chinese, Egyptian, Mayan, etc.  Drone larvae therefore offer the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of drone larvae and to use drone larvae for improved health and wellbeing.  This technology explains how to collect drone larvae from the hive.