La propolis, ou «colle d'abeille », est un mélange résineux que les abeilles récoltent sur les bourgeons des arbres et des résines végétales. La propolis est utilisée par les abeilles dans la ruche pour ses propriétés antimicrobiennes et anti-virales. Les humains peuvent également bénéficier des propriétés de la propolis. En raison de son pouvoir de guérison, la propolis devient une matière très utile (et pas chère) pour le traitement et la prévention de nombreux problèmes de santé chez les humains et d'autres animaux tels que les bovins, les chiens, les chats ou les oiseaux. La propolis peut être utilisée brute ou sous forme d’extraits. Cette technologie explique comment fabriquer des extraits de propolis à base d’alcool, d’eau ou d’huile à partir de la propolis brute.
Drones are male honey bees and their primary role is to mate with an infertile queen. The value of drone larvae as a nutritional supplement has been already proven and drone larvae have been used as food for thousands of years by the most ancient civilizations. Drone larvae can also be used as food for animals as they are very rich in nutrients. Drone larvae therefore offer the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of drone larvae and the consumption of drone larvae can contribute to improved health and well-being. This technology explains how to process drone larvae into value added products.
Fish farming is an important commercial as well as subsistence activity for many households in Indonesia. Many families have small fish ponds or concrete fish tanks for raising tilapia, catfish, gourami, snakehead and eels which are used for the family’s own consumption and sales to markets. Bumina and Yumina, a form of aquaponics, uses the water from these fish tanks to irrigate and fertilize vegetables in a recirculating system. Water is pumped from the fish tank into planters (without soil) and the water returns to the fish. The farmer is able to add a secondary crop (vegetables/fruits) and also the fish have cleaner water so they can grow faster and denser. This is a sustainable technology highly recommended for areas with restricted water provision and land availability. Aquaponics is an efficient use of limited resources.
Aquaponics is conducted around the world, but the specific practice of Bumina and Yumina was developed by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries in Indonesia. The information of both technologies was taken from the book: “Yumina and Bumina: Innovation for Household Food Security”.
Pollen is one of the products of the beehive that the beekeeper can collect to increase his/her income from beekeeping. Pollen is often called the "super food". High performance athletes are quoted as eating pollen because of its high energetic power.
Each pollen grain carries a variety of vitamins, proteins and minerals, making pollen a very important source of nutrients for us. Pollen also contains the 22 essential amino acids that the human body needs every day. This technology explains how to process raw pollen into ready food for humans.
Rice-Fish Culture System is an aquaculture system that integrates growing fish in flooded paddy fields. In general, RFC systems could include not only fin-fish but also other aquatic animals. Rice-fish farming is practiced in many countries around the world, particularly in Asia and has great potential in countries with vast areas of irrigated rice fields. This practice shows the main topics to keep in mind for developing a good Rice-fish system and the application of low cost technology for the production of fish in irrigated rice fields.
Fish is a good source of micronutrients, essential omega 3 fatty acids and high quality protein. Apart from processing fish fillets, many fish processing companies dispose of the fish byproducts (fish head, bones, viscera, frames and skin). Development of low cost, nutrient dense and safe fish products from byproducts is gaining in popularity. In Uganda and Ghana, fish byproducts are dried and milled to create a powder. Such powder has high levels of micronutrients, particularly calcium, phosphorous, zinc, iron as well as vitamins and omega 3 fatty acids. Micronutrient deficiencies are a problem in Uganda and Ghana and thus enriching staple foods with nutrient dense fish powder offers an opportunity for combatting malnutrition amongst various populations at a relatively minimal cost. The following practice demonstrates the product of powder fish by-products.
Fish is a unique source of micro-nutrients. However, many parts of larger fish, such as the head and the bones, are discarded during fish processing despite the high levels of nutrients, and particularly micro-nutrients found in these parts. Thus the promotion and use of fish byproducts to create low-cost, high-quality food could help reduce malnutrition. This practice illustrates the nutritional benefits of incorporating fish byproducts in the diet and suggests recipes to guide their preparation.
Propolis or “bee glue” is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from tree buds and plant resins. Propolis is used by the bees in the hive for its antimicrobial and anti-viral properties. Humans can also benefit from these properties of propolis. Because of its healing power, propolis becomes a very useful (and cheap) tool for the treatment and prevention of many health problems in humans and other animals like, for example, cattle, dogs, cats or birds. Propolis can be used raw or in its extracted form. This technology explains how to process raw propolis into proplis extracts (alcohol, water and oil extracts).
Cricket farming is a popular activity for farmers in Thailand and started in 1998. Currently around 20.000 farmers raise crickets for human consumption. Cricket farming contributes to the livelihood and nutrition base of farmers and a value chain has established through which the crickets are marketed around Thailand. The technology presented is aimed at small scale producers in Thailand and neighboring countries, in which these species are also available in nature. Small scale producers can be farmers, but also other people and even groups, who see a business opportunity in selling crickets. The technology describes some of the common species used, and how a cricket farm is set up. It further describes daily management of a cricket farm, including processing for sales and important risks to be taken into consideration.
Local leafy vegetables have long been an important part of people's diets in Africa - nutritious, affordable and adapted to local growing conditions and cultural traditions. They are cheap, readily affordable and rich in different micro-nutrients and are therefore crucial for the food and nutrition security of poor families in rural, peri-urban and urban areas. However, they became neglected by consumers because of their association with poor rural lifestyles and low-status foods, thus putting at stake the dietary diversity, nutrition and health of local populations. Research on, promotion and consumption of ALV has been going on in Kenya for many years. Increasing the presence of ALV in local food chains (in production, transformation, transport, commercialization and consumption) can tackle nutrition-related health issues, improve sustainable diets and contribute to the economic empowerment of women. The increase of ALV in food chains supplying cities, ensuring for example their availability in supermarkets, is key to improve urban diets.