Climate change and disaster risk reduction

This category contains 156 resources

Mejorando la resiliencia de drenajes y sistemas de riego para la Gestión de Riesgos en Shandong, China

El Municipio Qilin (Cantón Juye) se encuentra al sur oeste de la Provincia de Shandong y cuenta con una población de 65,000 habitantes. Las localidades que se encuentran bajo la jurisdicción del cantón Juye se encuentra en una llanura aluvial, parte sud del Río Amarillo. Las inundaciones y sequías son frecuentes entre los meses de julio y agosto. La falta de mantenimiento y rehabilitación del sistema de drenaje e infraestructura de irrigación se adicionan a las formas de tenencia de tierras, así como las actividades humanas que han causado daños severos a la infraestructura comunal de drenaje. Como consecuencia, la rersiliencia del sistema de drenaje ante inundaciones es baja, con estos fenómenos dejando graves perdidas economicas a los campesinos en las comunidades bajas del municipio Qilin.

Introduction of silvopastoral systems for cattle raising to sustainably provide fodder to animals in drought periods in Bolivia

This technology describes the introduction of silvopastoral systems in the dry flats of the Chaco eco-region of Bolivia as a good practice to increase the resilience of cattle raisers to recurrent drought. Silvopastoral systems are a combination of trees, pastures, and livestock. Trees contribute to increased pasture productivity, at the same time they provide a natural shelter to animals. Livestock also benefits from this good practice, especially during the prolonged drought periods when pasture is otherwise generally scarce and mortality rates increase significantly. This technology briefly introduces the concept of silvopartoral systems and presents a cost-benefit analysis of the practice compared to normal practices for raising cattle.

Goat raising in controlled areas and vaccination in Lao PDR

This disaster risk reduction good practice consists in raising goats in controlled areas to improve livestock management and prevent the spread of diseases between different herds. Furthermore, goats are vaccinated against foot and mouth disease and other parasites. This technology describes the how to build a homestead and give some indications on how to manage vaccinated goats in the confinement.

Introduction of livestock refuge mounds, in combination with deworming and preventive vitaminization and mineralization for cattle raising in the Bolivian Amazonia

This technology describes the introduction of livestock refuge mounds in the sub-Amazonian eco-region of Bolivia (Department of Beni) as a good practice to increase the resilience of cattle raisers to recurrent floods. Livestock refuge mounds are small mounds covering an area of about 0.5-1 ha, and they provide shelter for people, livestock and agricultural products during floods. In addition, animal treatments such as deworming and preventive vitaminization and mineralization were introduced or improved in the targeted communities in order to further reduce animal mortality in both normal and hazard conditions. This technology briefly introduces the concepts of livestock refuge mounds, deworming and preventive vitaminization and mineralization and presents a cost-benefit analysis of the combination of the 3 good practices compared to normal practices.

Indoor oyster mushroom cultivation for livelihood diversification and increased resilience in Uganda

This practice describes indoor mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) cultivation as a means to diversify livelihoods and strengthen the resilience of farmers in Uganda. Indoor mushroom cultivation was promoted by the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) project on Agriculture Adaptation to Climate Change in the central cattle corridor of Uganda. Mushrooms can be grown at very low cost and in relatively short time. It is a practice that can be adopted by small-scale farmers to diversify their income during the dry season, when lack of water may challenge the cultivation of other crops, and reduce their vulnerability to adverse weather. Indeed, mushroom production is done indoor and it requires little amount of water compared to other crops.

Improved chicken breeds raised with vaccination in Lao PDR

This technology describes the cost-benefit analysis of rearing improved chicken breeds with vaccination in Lao PDR. Improved chicken breeds grow faster and are highly resistant to stresses. Moreover, the improved chickens were vaccinated against cholera and Newcastle diseases, further reducing their mortality rate.

Rooftop water collection, drip irrigation and plastic mulching in home garden conditions in drought prone areas of Cambodia

In Cambodia, drought can have different impacts: delay of rainfall onset in early wet season, erratic variations of rainfall onset, early ending of rains during wet season, and longer dry spell in July and August. This technology describes three different technologies and analyses the costs and benefits of their combined application: rooftop water harvesting, drip irrigation and plastic mulching in home garden conditions. As a result of the combined application of those good practices (GPOs), the resistance against drought is increased and a second cropping period is possible. The GPOs have been tested and validated in 19 Farms in the Kampong Speu (3) and Oddar Meanchey (16) Provinces in Cambodia.

Introduction of corralones, (semi-roofed shelters) and veterinary pharmacies in order to protect livestock (Llama camelids) and reduce mortality due to extreme events in the Bolivian Altiplano (High Andean Plateau).

In the highlands of Bolivia, recurrent cold waves and related extreme events severely increase the mortality rate of camelids, which represent a main source of livelihood for the local population. This technology describes the introduction “Corralones”; semi-roofed shelters aimed at protecting livestock from extreme weather and climate events; in the Bolivian eco-region of the Altiplano (High Andean Plateau) as a means to enhance the resilience of livestock (Llama camelids) in the face of snow, frost and hailstorms, in addition to the introduction of veterinary pharmacies, in order to provide livestock with the necessary treatments to cope with prolonged frost and snow periods. In farms affected by frost and snow, the good practice contributed to reduce livestock mortality, bringing 18% higher net benefits than the local practice, as well as increasing livestock production in the face of extreme events.

Multi-stress tolerant Green Super Rice in the Philippines. Cost benefit analysis based on field testing of some lines of Green Super Rice

This technology describes the testing of multi-stress tolerant Green Super Rice (GSR) varieties in the Philippines. The benefits and constraints compared to local varieties are shown in a cost-benefit analysis.

Agroforestry Coffee cultivation in combination with mulching, trenches and organic composting in Uganda

This technology describes a combination of good practices for soil and water conservation that were introduced to coffee farmers in the central cattle corridor of Uganda, with the aim to enhance their resilience to dry spells, pests and diseases, as part of the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) project on Agriculture Adaptation to Climate Change in Uganda. The combination of good practices include: (a) mulching, a low cost practice that consists in covering the soil with locally available degradable plant materials to reduce water runoff and evapotranspiration; (b) digging contour trenches for harvesting water during the rainy season while preserving soil quality; (c) preparation and application of organic compost to improve soil fertility at low costs; and (d) planting shade trees within the coffee plantation in order to provide shade and improve soil fertility.