Climate change and disaster risk reduction

This category contains 153 resources

Mejorando la resiliencia de drenajes y sistemas de riego para la Gestión de Riesgos en Shandong, China

El Municipio Qilin (Cantón Juye) se encuentra al sur oeste de la Provincia de Shandong y cuenta con una población de 65,000 habitantes. Las localidades que se encuentran bajo la jurisdicción del cantón Juye se encuentra en una llanura aluvial, parte sud del Río Amarillo. Las inundaciones y sequías son frecuentes entre los meses de julio y agosto. La falta de mantenimiento y rehabilitación del sistema de drenaje e infraestructura de irrigación se adicionan a las formas de tenencia de tierras, así como las actividades humanas que han causado daños severos a la infraestructura comunal de drenaje. Como consecuencia, la rersiliencia del sistema de drenaje ante inundaciones es baja, con estos fenómenos dejando graves perdidas economicas a los campesinos en las comunidades bajas del municipio Qilin.

Indoor oyster mushroom cultivation for livelihood diversification and increased resilience in Uganda

This practice describes indoor mushroom (Pleurotus spp.) cultivation as a means to diversify livelihoods and strengthen the resilience of farmers in Uganda. Indoor mushroom cultivation was promoted by the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) project on Agriculture Adaptation to Climate Change in the central cattle corridor of Uganda. Mushrooms can be grown at very low cost and in relatively short time. It is a practice that can be adopted by small-scale farmers to diversify their income during the dry season, when lack of water may challenge the cultivation of other crops, and reduce their vulnerability to adverse weather. Indeed, mushroom production is done indoor and it requires little amount of water compared to other crops.

Improved chicken breeds raised with vaccination in Lao PDR

This technology describes the cost-benefit analysis of rearing improved chicken breeds with vaccination in Lao PDR. Improved chicken breeds grow faster and are highly resistant to stresses. Moreover, the improved chickens were vaccinated against cholera and Newcastle diseases, further reducing their mortality rate.

Rooftop water collection, drip irrigation and plastic mulching in home garden conditions in drought prone areas of Cambodia

In Cambodia, drought can have different impacts: delay of rainfall onset in early wet season, erratic variations of rainfall onset, early ending of rains during wet season, and longer dry spell in July and August. This technology describes three different technologies and analyses the costs and benefits of their combined application: rooftop water harvesting, drip irrigation and plastic mulching in home garden conditions. As a result of the combined application of those good practices (GPOs), the resistance against drought is increased and a second cropping period is possible. The GPOs have been tested and validated in 19 Farms in the Kampong Speu (3) and Oddar Meanchey (16) Provinces in Cambodia.

Introduction of corralones, (semi-roofed shelters) and veterinary pharmacies in order to protect livestock (Llama camelids) and reduce mortality due to extreme events in the Bolivian Altiplano (High Andean Plateau).

In the highlands of Bolivia, recurrent cold waves and related extreme events severely increase the mortality rate of camelids, which represent a main source of livelihood for the local population. This technology describes the introduction “Corralones”; semi-roofed shelters aimed at protecting livestock from extreme weather and climate events; in the Bolivian eco-region of the Altiplano (High Andean Plateau) as a means to enhance the resilience of livestock (Llama camelids) in the face of snow, frost and hailstorms, in addition to the introduction of veterinary pharmacies, in order to provide livestock with the necessary treatments to cope with prolonged frost and snow periods. In farms affected by frost and snow, the good practice contributed to reduce livestock mortality, bringing 18% higher net benefits than the local practice, as well as increasing livestock production in the face of extreme events.

Multi-stress tolerant Green Super Rice in the Philippines. Cost benefit analysis based on field testing of some lines of Green Super Rice

This technology describes the testing of multi-stress tolerant Green Super Rice (GSR) varieties in the Philippines. The benefits and constraints compared to local varieties are shown in a cost-benefit analysis.

Agroforestry Coffee cultivation in combination with mulching, trenches and organic composting in Uganda

This technology describes a combination of good practices for soil and water conservation that were introduced to coffee farmers in the central cattle corridor of Uganda, with the aim to enhance their resilience to dry spells, pests and diseases, as part of the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) project on Agriculture Adaptation to Climate Change in Uganda. The combination of good practices include: (a) mulching, a low cost practice that consists in covering the soil with locally available degradable plant materials to reduce water runoff and evapotranspiration; (b) digging contour trenches for harvesting water during the rainy season while preserving soil quality; (c) preparation and application of organic compost to improve soil fertility at low costs; and (d) planting shade trees within the coffee plantation in order to provide shade and improve soil fertility.

Improved cattle breeds zero grazing with drought tolerant fodder in Uganda

This technology describes the introduction of improved cattle breeds in Uganda. The improved breeds are more productive and resistant to diseases and are managed applying the zero grazing production system, a type of production system where the animals are kept in an enclosure to control input use and to reduce the incidence of diseases. This breed is fed with drought tolerant fodder to ensure cattle feed availability also in dry seasons. This mix of good practices were introduced to increase productivity and enhance the resilience of cattle raising to increasing dry spells and diseases in the central cattle corridor of Uganda.

How to buffer impacts of climate variability and dry spells in home gardens by using botanical pesticides and liquid compost, Cambodia

This technology offers a low-cost method used in Cambodia to control and manage pests for crop production while limiting adverse impacts of residue toxicity. It describes the methods of producing botanical insecticides and describes how to produce compost using the heap method and how to make liquid compost. The costs and benefits of the combined application of botanical insecticides with the production and use of liquid compost is presented.

Drought-tolerant maize varieties in Uganda

This technology describes the cultivation of drought-tolerant maize varieties in the central cattle corridor of Uganda, a region particularly exposed to dry spells. The benefits and constraints compared to local varieties are shown in a cost-benefit analysis.