Video on how to prune a mango tree

Summary

This video explains how to do maintenance pruning of mango trees. Pruning is a very effective way to enhance the quality of mangos. At the same time production costs are reduced.

Description

Pruning is the selective removal of unproductive shoots and branches. The following video shows what is needed and how it is done. The video is also available in Twi (click here). 

 

There are several reasons why to prune a mango tree:

  1. To admit light and air into the canopy of a tree.
  2. To enhance flowering to achieve high quality fruits.
  3. To improve effective control of pest and diseases.

Pruning improves the health of the trees, enhances the quality of mangoes and leads to lower production costs.

There are two types of pruning. Formative pruning is conducted on young trees. Maintenance pruning is continuously done every year after harvest. This practice focuses on maintenance pruning.

For pruning the following tools are needed:

  • hand shears
  • long shears
  • pruning saw
  • pruning pole

While pruning it is important to wear safety clothes. Wear a helmet, gloves, safety boots and a protective jacket.

A well pruned tree has evenly distributed branches and no branches growing into the center of the canopy.

In pruning it is very important to know where to cut the branches. Look for branches with a V shape. All the branches which haven’t developed a V shape should be cut off. The image below shows yellow bars indicating where the branches should be cut.

Yellow bars mark the places where the pruning should take place

 

Make sure not to cut off the well-directed buds or young branches. The aim of pruning is to help the tree to develop new good branches. This is why the shoots should be selected carefully. For example, a shoot like in the picture below should never be cut off. It is well directed and does not prevent sunlight to enter in the canopy.

This branch should not be cut off

 

On the other hand, the picture below shows an example of a shoot that should be cut off. The shoot grows towards the center of the canopy. If not removed, this new branch will grow into the tree, but this is something that should be avoided.

This branch needs to be cut off

 

When cutting a branch, the cut should not be horizontal, but rather slanted. This ensures that water drips off the cut. If water stays on the cut, it can lead to disease infestations and also to rot. 

Cuts have to be slanted.

 

Category

Countries

Ghana

Created date

Mon, 19/01/2015 - 09:21

Source(s)

GIZ - Market-Oriented Agriculture Program (MOAP)

Best practices for the production and processing of fruits and maize in Ghana, validated and tested by the Market-Oriented Agriculture Program (MOAP) – a program jointly implemented by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture in Ghana and GIZ. Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH: GIZ offers customized solutions to complex challenges. We are an experienced service provider and assist the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation. We offer demand-driven, tailor-made and effective services for sustainable development.

Contacts: 
Contact person: 
Paul Schuetz
Contact email: 
Country: 
Ghana