The Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)

The Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) was founded in 1973 and is situated in Frick since 1997. It is one of the world's leading research and information centres for organic agriculture and employs over 135 experts. The close links between different fields of research and the rapid transfer of knowledge from research to advisory work and agricultural practice are FiBL's strengths. Outside Switzerland the Institute's competence is also sought after, and FiBL is involved in numerous international projects - not only in research, consultancy and training but also in development cooperation.

Contacts: 
Contact person: 
Gilles Weidmann
Contact email: 
Country: 
Switzerland

Technologies from The Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)

 

Manejo de plagas y enfermedades en la agricultura orgánica

El manejo de plagas y enfermedades se hace posible a través de muchas acciones que se complementan entre sí. La mayoría de las prácticas de gestión son de largo plazo y están destinadas a prevenir el ataque de los cultivos por plagas y enfermedades. Las prácticas de gestión (manejo) se enfocan en mantener una baja población de plagas y enfermedades existentes. En cambio, el control es una acción a corto plazo que tiene como objetivo matar y destruir las plagas y enfermedades. El enfoque general en la agricultura orgánica sobre combatir las causas de un problema preferible a tratar los síntomas, se aplica también al manejo de plagas y enfermedades. Debido a esto, las prácticas de gestión son de mayor prioridad que las de control. Este documento describe prácticas preventivas, así cómo también, prácticas de control, usando control biológico y mecánico, y pesticidas naturales.

Conversión de la agricultura convencional a la agricultura orgánica paso a paso

Por lo general, la conversión de la producción convencional a la agricultura orgánica se divide en tres etapas. El primer paso es recopilar toda la información relacionada con las prácticas orgánicas que podrían aplicarse en las condiciones de producción. Luego, en una segunda etapa, estas prácticas deben ser probadas en algunas parcelas, y el agricultor debe familiarizarse con su uso. Por último, a modo de espera del agricultor, durante una tercera etapa, debe usar sólo las prácticas orgánicas para la gestión de sus operaciones. El apoyo de un extensionista agrícola o un agricultor orgánico experimentado puede ayudar a guiar a una conversión exitosa.

Pest and Disease Management in Organic Agriculture

Pest and disease management consists of a range of activities that support each other. Most management practices are long-term activities that aim at preventing pests and diseases from affecting a crop. Management focuses on keeping existing pest populations and diseases low. Control on the other and is a short-term activity and focuses on killing pest and disease. The general approach in organic agriculture to deal with the causes of a problem rather than treating the symptoms also applies for pest and diseases. Therefore, management is of a much higher priority than control. This document describes preventive practices, as well as control practices using biological, mechanical control and natural pesticides.

Step by Step Conversion to Organic Agriculture

The procedure of conversion of a farm commonly consists of three steps. In a first step, it is recommended to collect information on appropriate organic farming practices. In a second step, the most promising organic practices should be tried out on selected plots or fields to get familiar with. In a third step, only organic procedures should be implemented in the entire farm. Support from an experienced extension officer or a farmer is usually very helpful to give guidance in the process.

Considerations for Conversion to Organic Agriculture

Conversion to organic agriculture describes the process of learning and implementation of changes on the farm towards a more sustainable and natural way of farming. The form the process takes depends on the local circumstances and the predisposition of the farmer or the community, and it varies from farm to farm. The more knowledge a farmer has about the concepts and practices of organic farming, the easier conversion process to organic farming will be. Even if organic farming does not depend on specific land conditions to start with, if soils are depleted for example, it may need greater efforts and require more patience to establish a sustainable production system and realize satisfying harvests. Here, you will find the factors to be considered during conversion to organic agriculture and some recommendations to succeed during the process.