Apimondia

Apimondia, the International Federation of Beekeepers’ Associations, is the world organisation representing the interests of apiculture and aims to facilitate links between beekeepers, scientists and all involved with apiculture. Apimondia stems from the International Committee of Apicultural Congresses created in 1893 holding the first congress in 1897 in Belgium. Apimondia in its current institutional form was founded in the Netherlands in 1949 and its core business is the organisation of international apicultural congresses and symposia. Today Apimondia work remains truly international: Apimondia is run on a basis of co-operation between beekeepers and scientists from many countries as well as international organisations. A special feature of Apimondia is the wide range of working languages used in publications and at meetings.

You can also visit Apimondia linked websites to find out more:

www.apimondia.org

www.apimondia2013.com

www.apimondia2015.com

www.beethecampaign.org

 

 

Apimondia, la Federación Internacional de las Asociaciones de Apicultores, es la organización mundial que representa los intereses de la apicultura y su objetivo es facilitar los vínculos entre los apicultores, los científicos y todos los involucrados con la apicultura. Apimondia deriva del Comité Internacional de los Congresos Apícolas creado en 1893 y con la celebración del primer congreso en 1897 en Bélgica.  Apimondia, en su forma institucional actual, fue fundada en los Países Bajos en 1949 y su actividad principal es la organización de congresos y simposios apícolas internacionales. Hoy el trabajo de Apimondia permanece verdaderamente internacional: Apimondia realiza su programa sobre la base de la cooperación entre los apicultores y los científicos de muchos países, así como organizaciones internacionales. Una característica especial de Apimondia es la amplia gama de idiomas utilizados en las publicaciones y en las reuniones de trabajo.

Para más informes puede visitar los sitios web de Apimondia:

www.apimondia.org

www.apimondia2013.com

www.apimondia2015.com

www.beethecampaign.org

Contacts: 
Contact person: 
Riccardo Jannoni-Sebastianini
Contact email: 
Contact person: 
Apimondia Secretary
Contact email: 
Country: 
Italy

Technologies from Apimondia

 

Chalkbrood and Stonebrood

Chalkbrood and Stonebrood are fungal diseases of honeybees (Apis mellifera) that occur worldwide. Chalkbrood is caused by Ascosphaera apis and affects the brood.
Stonebrood is caused by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus fumigatus and affects both the brood and adult bees.

This practice describes the causes and symptoms of Chalkbrood and Stonebrood, how they spread, how to address and prevent these diseases.

Bonnes pratiques apicoles

L’apiculture est la pratique de la gestion des abeilles dans les ruches pour la pollinisation, la production de miel et d'autres produits tels que la cire, la gelée royale, la propolis et le pollen. En outre, un aspect important de l'apiculture est la production d’abeilles, de reines, de paquets d'abeilles, etc. Les bonnes pratiques apicoles impliquent une bonne gestion du rucher ce qui peut prévenir les maladies des abeilles et, au même temps, permet d'obtenir des produits de haute qualité.

Good beekeeping practices

Apiculture (beekeeping) is the practice of honeybee management in hives for pollination, production of honey and other products such as wax, royal jelly, propolis and pollen. In addition, an important aspect of beekeeping is the production of bees, queens, package bees, etc. Good beekeeping practices involve proper management of the apiary that can prevent bee diseases and, at the same time, allow to obtain high quality products respecting the consumer’s health.

Main diseases of honey bees

Honeybees are susceptible to various diseases, some of which are very contagious and diffusive. It is very important that the beekeeper is able to recognize the first signs of disease or infestation in hives and knows how to proceed. This practice outlines the factors that play an important role in the outbreak of a disease and describes the classification of bee diseases.

Varroa mites (Varroatosis or Varroosis)

Varroa destructor is the mite responsible of Varroatosis (or Varroosis), an external parasitic disease that attacks honeybee colonies (adult bees and especially the brood). V. destructor causes the major economic losses to the beekeeping sector because it is widespread and it has a strong adaptability to the treatments.
This mite affects both the brood and the adult bees. It weakens the adult bees by sucking their hemolymph. The weakened bees are more susceptible to other diseases, especially viral pathologies. The first to suffer are the stronger colonies with more brood because of the higher possibility of the mite to replicate at the brood level.

Nosemosis

Nosemosis is a disease of adult bees caused by unicellular fungi belonging to the Class: Microsporidia, Family: Nosimatidi, Gender: Nosema.
There are two different sub-species of Nosema that affect Apis mellifera with different prevalence depending on the area: Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae, responsible for two different forms of the disease.
Both N. apis and N. ceranae have a dormant stage, a long-lived spore.The spores are hardly morphologically distinguishable between the two species and represent the resistance and propagation form of the disease (Fig.1). Spores can remain infectious from a few days up to five years at low temperatures. Heat, as well as solar ultraviolet radiation, can kill them in a few hours.
This practice describes how to recognise the two forms of the disease caused by these pathogen types.

EFB (European Foulbrood)

The European Foulbrood (EFB) is a bacterial disease that affects the honey bee brood. The genetic resistance of some species of bees to this disease may allow, especially in favourable environmental conditions, to overcome the infection without suffering serious damage. However, it should be noted that, even if characterised by a better prognosis than the American Foulbrood, in some areas the EFB has a more malignant manifestation, seriously damaging even very strong bee colonies.

This practice describes the causes and symptoms of EFB, how the disease spreads, and how to address and prevent the disease.

Bee viruses

Virus diseases of bees are spread throughout the world. They are usually undervalued by beekeepers: they can cause serious economic losses if associated with other bee diseases.
Varroa destructor has greatly contributed to increase the incidence of viral diseases. Varroa, in fact, is a passive carrier of bee viruses that are transmitted to the bees through the mite’s saliva. In addition, varroa weakens the immune system of the bees, which can allow the reactivation of latent viral infections already present in the body of the bees.
Other bee diseases that set the conditions for the onset of viral diseases are Nosemiasis, European Foulbrood and Amebiasis.
The transmission of the viruses usually occurs horizontally (e.g. through the bee feces, royal jelly, varroa saliva, the beekeeper), but the transmission of the main bee viruses occur vertically (from the queen to the brood).
This practice describes the causes and symptoms of bee viruses, how these diseases spread, and how to address and prevent them.