FAO Bolivia

Contacts: 
Contact person: 
Einstein Tejada, Coordinador Nacional Unidad de Emergencias y Rehabilitación FAO Bolivia
Contact email: 
Country: 
Bolivia

Technologies from FAO Bolivia

 

Introduction of silvopastoral systems for cattle raising to sustainably provide fodder to animals in drought periods in Bolivia

This technology describes the introduction of silvopastoral systems in the dry flats of the Chaco eco-region of Bolivia as a good practice to increase the resilience of cattle raisers to recurrent drought. Silvopastoral systems are a combination of trees, pastures, and livestock. Trees contribute to increased pasture productivity, at the same time they provide a natural shelter to animals. Livestock also benefits from this good practice, especially during the prolonged drought periods when pasture is otherwise generally scarce and mortality rates increase significantly. This technology briefly introduces the concept of silvopartoral systems and presents a cost-benefit analysis of the practice compared to normal practices for raising cattle.

Introduction of livestock refuge mounds, in combination with deworming and preventive vitaminization and mineralization for cattle raising in the Bolivian Amazonia

This technology describes the introduction of livestock refuge mounds in the sub-Amazonian eco-region of Bolivia (Department of Beni) as a good practice to increase the resilience of cattle raisers to recurrent floods. Livestock refuge mounds are small mounds covering an area of about 0.5-1 ha, and they provide shelter for people, livestock and agricultural products during floods. In addition, animal treatments such as deworming and preventive vitaminization and mineralization were introduced or improved in the targeted communities in order to further reduce animal mortality in both normal and hazard conditions. This technology briefly introduces the concepts of livestock refuge mounds, deworming and preventive vitaminization and mineralization and presents a cost-benefit analysis of the combination of the 3 good practices compared to normal practices.

Introduction of corralones, (semi-roofed shelters) and veterinary pharmacies in order to protect livestock (Llama camelids) and reduce mortality due to extreme events in the Bolivian Altiplano (High Andean Plateau).

In the highlands of Bolivia, recurrent cold waves and related extreme events severely increase the mortality rate of camelids, which represent a main source of livelihood for the local population. This technology describes the introduction “Corralones”; semi-roofed shelters aimed at protecting livestock from extreme weather and climate events; in the Bolivian eco-region of the Altiplano (High Andean Plateau) as a means to enhance the resilience of livestock (Llama camelids) in the face of snow, frost and hailstorms, in addition to the introduction of veterinary pharmacies, in order to provide livestock with the necessary treatments to cope with prolonged frost and snow periods. In farms affected by frost and snow, the good practice contributed to reduce livestock mortality, bringing 18% higher net benefits than the local practice, as well as increasing livestock production in the face of extreme events.

Livestock refuge mounds to strengthen resilience against natural hazards in Bolivia

Livestock refuge mounds (Spanish: Lomas de resguardo ganadero) are small mounds of 1.80 – 2.20 m height covering an area of about 0.5-1 ha. In 11 communities of Beni (Bolivia), a region highly vulnerable to natural disasters, these traditional hills do not only provide shelter for livestock but are also used to safeguard agricultural products in periods of flooding. The mounds are surrounded by water channels with a capacity of 13,000 m3 providing water for livestock during the dry season. In addition, the water channels can also be used for irrigation of horticulture and for fish farming which allow for complementary nutrition.

Lomas de resguardo ganadero con parcelas de cultivos aledaños para épocas de inundación y de sequía, en Bení, Bolivia

Las lomas de resguardo ganadero son montículos o plataformas altas de tierra construidas a pulso y se utilizan para resguardar al ganado y salvaguardar productos agrícolas en tiempos de inundación. También permiten enfrentar tiempos de sequía, porque están rodeadas periféricamente por un canal con capacidad de almacenamiento de alrededor de 13,000 m3 de agua. En tiempos de sequía el canal se usa para abastecer de agua al ganado. El canal permite a su vez, generar una estrategia de alimentación complementaria: producción de horticultura y de piscicultura.

Construcción de cobertizo para llamas en Bolivia en situaciones de olas de frio

El cobertizo tiene como objetivo la protección de animales contra las olas de frio, con la finalidad de evitar o disminuir los impactos negativos de las enfermedades y los predadores que afectan a las llamas y provocan una alta incidencia de mortalidad neonatal.