Amérique Latine et Caraïbes

This category contains 245 resources

How to process the raw beeswax into value added products

Beeswax is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis. The worker bees produce wax to use it for comb structural stability, to form cells for honey-storage and larval and pupal comfort and protection within the bee hive. Beeswax offers the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of the wax into added value products. This technology explains how process the bee wax into added value products. It also includes some indications for buying beeswax and storing it and some information about the composition of wax.

How to collect the raw wax from the hive

Beeswax is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis. The wax is formed into "scales" by eight wax-producing glands in the abdomen of worker bees. The worker bees collect and use it to build combs and to form cells for honey-storage. The eggs, larvae and pupae also develop in the wax cells into adult bees. Bees wax offers the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of the wax. This technology explains how to collect bees wax from the hive.

How to process raw honeybee pollen into food for humans

Pollen is one of the products of the beehive that the beekeeper can collect to increase his/her income from beekeeping. Pollen is often called the "super food". High performance athletes are quoted as eating pollen because of its high energetic power.
Each pollen grain carries a variety of vitamins, proteins and minerals, making pollen a very important source of nutrients for us. Pollen also contains the 22 essential amino acids that the human body needs every day. This technology explains how to process raw pollen into ready food for humans.

Practices for occupational health and safety in forestry

Forestry is one of the most dangerous of all occupations; it is sometimes called a “3D” job – dirty, difficult and dangerous. Occupational health and safety in forestry can be greatly improved, however, through adequate worker training and supervision and the use of safety equipment, among other things. This article gives a short overview of major health and safety issues in forestry – especially in the harvesting, extraction, loading and transport of logs – and effective ways of addressing them. Healthy and safe working conditions are prerequisites for sustainable forestry management.
This article shows the dangers to human health and safety posed by forest activities and identifies measures that can be taken to mitigate these.

How to collect raw honeybee pollen from the hive

Pollen is collected by the honeybees from the anthers of flowers while they visit them. Pollen is stored in the pollen baskets on the posterior legs of the bees and brought to the hive. To make the pollen stick together, the bees add some saliva and nectar. In the hive, it is stored in the honey combs, and used as food for the bees. Bee pollen is the primary source of protein for the hive. Pollen pellets can be harvested as food for humans because of their rich content in vitamins, proteins and minerals. This technology explains how to collect raw pollen from movable frame hives.

Postharvest handling and utilization of Cactus fruits

Cactus is a plant cultivated in several countries, where it is eaten as it is or processed into different products at household or small scale level. Furthermore, the cactus fruit could be used as a raw material for agri-industrial food processing purposes. This practice provides a description of the post harvest handling for processing the cactus fruits at small scale.

Diseño de un sistema aquapónico

Un sistema aquapónico es la integración de un sistema de recirculación en acuicultura con hidroponía en un sólo sistema de producción. En un sistema acuapónico, los efluentes de la acuicultura no se liberan en el medio ambiente, sino que se redirigen a las raíces de las plantas, al mismo tiempo que los nutrientes suministrados a las plantas provienen de una fuente sostenible, rentable y no química. Esta integración elimina algunos de los factores no sostenibles presentes en la hidroponía y acuacultura como sistemas independientes. La tecnología presentada en este documento tiene como objetivo proporcionar los conceptos básicos de acuiponía y, describe tres métodos de acuiponía en los cultivos actuales más comunes. La siguiente descripción también detalla los factores a considerar, al elegir dónde instalar el sistema de acuiponía y los elementos esenciales que deben tenerse en cuenta para implementar esta instalación, con independencia del tipo de acuiponía.

Los virus de las abejas

Las enfermedades de virus de las abejas se extienden por todo el mundo. Por lo general son infravaloradas por los apicultores: pueden causar graves pérdidas económicas si se asocian con otras enfermedades de las abejas. La Varroa destructor ha contribuido en gran medida a aumentar la incidencia de enfermedades virales. La varroa, de hecho, es un portador pasivo de virus de las abejas que se transmiten a las abejas a través de la saliva del ácaro. Además, la varroa debilita el sistema inmunológico de las abejas, que puede permitir la reactivación de infecciones virales latentes que ya están presentes en el cuerpo de las abejas. Otras enfermedades de las abejas que establecen las condiciones para la aparición de enfermedades virales son la nosemosis, la loque europea y la amebiasis. La transmisión de los virus por lo general ocurre en horizontal (por ejemplo, a través de las heces de abeja, jalea real, saliva de la varroa, apicultor), pero la transmisión de los principales virus de abejas producen verticalmente (de la reina a la cría). En esta práctica se describen las causas y síntomas del virus de abejas, cómo estas enfermedades se propagan y la forma de enfrentarlas y prevenirlas.

How to collect raw propolis from the hive

Propolis or “bee glue” is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from tree buds and plant resins. Bees collect propolis to use it in the hive as a building material and also to protect the colony against diseases. The value of propolis as an antimicrobial and anti-viral agent has been proven in many laboratory tests over many years. Propolis therefore offers the opportunity for beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of propolis and to use propolis for improved health and wellbeing. This technology explains how to collect propolis from the hive.

How to process raw propolis into propolis extracts

Propolis or “bee glue” is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from tree buds and plant resins. Propolis is used by the bees in the hive for its antimicrobial and anti-viral properties. Humans can also benefit from these properties of propolis. Because of its healing power, propolis becomes a very useful (and cheap) tool for the treatment and prevention of many health problems in humans and other animals like, for example, cattle, dogs, cats or birds. Propolis can be used raw or in its extracted form. This technology explains how to process raw propolis into proplis extracts (alcohol, water and oil extracts).

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