Amérique Latine et Caraïbes

This category contains 231 resources

Introduction of corralones, (semi-roofed shelters) and veterinary pharmacies in order to protect livestock (Llama camelids) and reduce mortality due to extreme events in the Bolivian Altiplano (High Andean Plateau).

In the highlands of Bolivia, recurrent cold waves and related extreme events severely increase the mortality rate of camelids, which represent a main source of livelihood for the local population.
This technology describes the introduction “Corralones” or semi-roofed shelters aimed at protecting livestock from extreme weather and climate events, in the Bolivian eco-region of the Altiplano (High Andean Plateau) as a means to enhance the resilience of livestock (Llama camelids) in the face of snow, frost and hailstorms, in addition to the introduction of veterinary pharmacies, in order to provide livestock with the necessary treatments to cope with prolonged frost and snow periods.
In farms affected by frost and snow, this good practice contributed to reduce livestock mortality, bringing 18% higher net benefits compared to the local practice, as well as increasing livestock production in the face of extreme events.

Apicultura: confección de cajón triple

El cajón triple es una estructura que permite la optimización del espacio, de material y compartir el calor que generan las tres familias pequeñas que se encuentran dentro de este cajón adaptado para este propósito. Algunos apicultores utilizan este sistema para la generación de núcleos con pequeñas familias y también es utilizado como cajón de fecundación ya que es fácil revisarlo y requiere pocas abejas para mantener a una reina en su interior. Esta tecnología explica cómo construir un cajón triple y su uso.

Making farm-made fish feed for small-scale farms

Fish feed/aquafeed is one of the most expensive inputs for small aquaculture farms. At the same time it is one of the most important components, especially for the whole aquaculture ecosystem. This is also true for aquaponics because the fish feed sustains both the fish and vegetable growth. The technology below provides two simple recipes for a balanced fish feed for use in small-scale fish farms or aquaponic systems. The first formulation is made with proteins of vegetable origin, mainly soybean meal. The second formulation is mainly made with fishmeal. In addition, the technology provides a selection of live fish feed to supplement the pelleted feed. This technology of farm-made aquafeed production is most appropriate for small-scale aquaculture farming, and is best used when commercial feed is difficult or expensive to obtain.

Construcción de graneros locales llamados localmente “Colombier” en Haití

Tradicionalmente la adaptación de las prácticas agrícolas toma en cuenta las consecuencias de los desastres y fenómenos naturales, su prevención y mitigación. Una de las prácticas que intenta reducir el impacto de las sequías, inundaciones y de los ciclones tropicales y lluvias, es la construcción de graneros llamados localmente “Colombier”. Se trata de una estructura construida con altos postes, donde los granos y las semillas recogidas o cultivadas pueden estar almacenados por periodos extensos, asegurando que no se pierdan cuando se presenten de catástrofes naturales. La siguiente tecnología explica cómo usar y construir un “Colombier”.

Livestock refuge mounds to strengthen resilience against natural hazards in Bolivia

Livestock refuge mounds (Spanish: Lomas de resguardo ganadero) are small mounds of 1.80 – 2.20 m height covering an area of about 0.5-1 ha. In 11 communities of Beni (Bolivia), a region highly vulnerable to natural disasters, these traditional hills do not only provide shelter for livestock but are also used to safeguard agricultural products in periods of flooding. The mounds are surrounded by water channels with a capacity of 13,000 m3 providing water for livestock during the dry season. In addition, the water channels can also be used for irrigation of horticulture and for fish farming which allow for complementary nutrition.

Good Practices of Agro-forestry Systems - The Kuxur Rum System in Guatemala to strengthen resilience to the heatwave season in the Ch'ortí Region, Guatemala

This is a translation of the original version in Spanish. In the dry eastern corridor of Guatemala the rural population is highly vulnerable to food insecurity. It is characterized by erratic rains, water limitations, and low yields of traditional crops such as basic grains. Fields are located on dry slopes, approximately between 200-800 meters above sea level and are characterized by are shallow, steep, and stony soils, and often degraded by the intensive cultivation of maize, beans and sorghum, which reduces their aptitude for agriculture. The Kuxur Rum agroforestry practice is based on the indigenous knowledge of using the multipurpose species Gliricidia sepium, combining it with the annual crop production systems, which allows to improve soil moisture conservation, especially in the drought or heatwave period. The practice, called Kuxur Rum, which in the Ch'ortí language means "my wet land", has been promoted in the context of the Special Program for Food Security (known in Spanish as PESA) in the department of Chiquimula, Guatemala. This program was funded by the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development (AECID). This document describes step by step how to establish a Kuxur Rum Agro-forestry system.

Construction of traditional granary locally called "Colombier" in Haiti

Traditional agricultural adaptation practices in Haiti address the consequences of natural disasters, preventing and mitigating them. One such practice, intended to reduce the impact of droughts, floods and tropical cyclones and storms, is the construction of a granary called “Colombier”. It is a structure built on high posts where grains and beans may be stored for extended periods of time. This secures them from being washed away or otherwise damaged by catastrophic events. This technology explains how to use and construct a “Colombier”.

Comment récolter la propolis brute d'une ruche

La propolis, parfois comparée à de la « colle d'abeille », est une mixture résineuse que les abeilles récoltent sur les bourgeons des arbres et des résines végétales. La propolis est utilisée par les abeilles dans la ruche comme un matériel de construction ainsi que pour protéger la colonie contre les maladies. Les propriétés antimicrobienne et antivirale de la propolis ont été prouvées par de nombreuses études durant les dernières années. De plus, la propolis constitue une source de revenus supplémentaires pour qui souhaite l'extraire et la valoriser dans les domaines de la santé et du bien-être. Cette technologie explique comment collecter la propolis de la ruche des abeilles.

Simple non-circulating hydroponic method for vegetables

Hydroponics is the most common method of soil-less culture (growing agricultural plants without the use of soil), which includes growing plants either on a substrate or in an aqueous medium with bare roots. Non-circulating hydroponic methods, importantly, do not require electricity or a pump.
With the method presented in this document, the entire crop can be grown with only an initial application of water and nutrients. No additional water or fertilizer are needed. The crop is normally terminated when most of the nutrient solution is consumed.
This document provides two detailed step-by-step description of simple, non-circulating hydroponic growing kits for growing vegetables at a small scale, one for short term vegetables (e.g. lettuce or kai choy) and the other for long-term vegetables (e.g. cucumber or tomato).

Comment fabriquer de l'extrait de propolis à base de propolis brute

La propolis, ou «colle d'abeille », est un mélange résineux que les abeilles récoltent sur les bourgeons des arbres et des résines végétales. La propolis est utilisée par les abeilles dans la ruche pour ses propriétés antimicrobiennes et anti-virales. Les humains peuvent également bénéficier des propriétés de la propolis. En raison de son pouvoir de guérison, la propolis devient une matière très utile (et pas chère) pour le traitement et la prévention de nombreux problèmes de santé chez les humains et d'autres animaux tels que les bovins, les chiens, les chats ou les oiseaux. La propolis peut être utilisée brute ou sous forme d'extraits. Cette technologie explique comment fabriquer des extraits de propolis à base d'alcool, d'eau ou d'huile à partir de la propolis brute.