Production animale

This category contains 193 resources

How to make added value products with dead bees

Honey bees bodies have important healing properties and dead bees have been used for treating and/or curing diseases for thousands of years. The oldest civilizations like Chinese, Egyptian, Maya and Romans, used dead bees in extracts to keep healthy and to treat diseases. Dead bees can also be used in agriculture as compost for the soil. This technology explains how to collect dead bees and how to make value added products with dead bees.

How to process the raw beeswax into value added products

Beeswax is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis. The worker bees produce wax to use it for comb structural stability, to form cells for honey-storage and larval and pupal comfort and protection within the bee hive. Beeswax offers the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of the wax into added value products. This technology explains how process the bee wax into added value products. It also includes some indications for buying beeswax and storing it and some information about the composition of wax.

How to collect the raw wax from the hive

Beeswax is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis. The wax is formed into "scales" by eight wax-producing glands in the abdomen of worker bees. The worker bees collect and use it to build combs and to form cells for honey-storage. The eggs, larvae and pupae also develop in the wax cells into adult bees. Bees wax offers the opportunity to the beekeeper to generate extra income from the extraction and processing of the wax. This technology explains how to collect bees wax from the hive.

Intensive stall-fed system for rearing goats, Tamil Nadu, India

Indoor housing is a convenient practice for raising livestock. If stalls are constructed in an appropriate way, they can fulfil several functions. By avoiding wastage of feed, they allow the keepers to have an enhanced fodder use efficiency. In addition goat droppings can be collected underneath the shed, enabling easily disposal as manure for crops. This hygienic practice keeps the animals healthy, preventing the excessive application of medicine. Small-scale farmers and agricultural labourers can easily construct such a wooden stall-fed system. The construction materials are locally available and the stalls can be easily constructed with the help of local carpenters and/or skilled labourers. Construction of such a wooden stall can be completed quickly and at a lower cost compared with the construction of usual pucca shed (solid, permanent houses or huts that are made of concrete, clay tiles and/or stones). This practice describes the construction of a low cost housing system for rearing goats in case of shortage of labor and/or non-availability of sufficient grazing area or absence of grazing area. The practice derives from a farmer-led innovation in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. There, it has been successfully adopted by 16 farmers in the Coimbatore district.

Traditional feeding of cattle with intercropped forage Sorghum, Tamil Nadu, India

Fodder sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is used for feeding animals in the dry lands of India. The forage crop is sown in an intercropping system along with staple crops. The intercropping of the forage sorghum between other crops additionally improves the land use efficiency, providing diversified yields within a specified area of cropping. Eventually, the harvested forage is cut from the intercropped fields and manually fed to the cattle by the farm members. The present practice builds on the experiences of local people in the Krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu. It is suitable mainly for small family farms, with small amounts of cattle. In the local language, the associated feeding practice is called “Thattu Koduthal” (hand feeding of fodder for animals). Hand feeding offers the advantage that wastages of forage can be avoided. Cattle prefer the panicles, and often the stems of forage sorghum are not fed along with the panicles. Manual feeding however, allows for the whole sorghum stems to be fed to the cattle.

How to process raw honeybee pollen into food for humans

Pollen is one of the products of the beehive that the beekeeper can collect to increase his/her income from beekeeping. Pollen is often called the "super food". High performance athletes are quoted as eating pollen because of its high energetic power. Each pollen grain carries a variety of vitamins, proteins and minerals, making pollen a very important source of nutrients for us. Pollen also contains the 22 essential amino acids that the human body needs every day. This technology explains how to process raw pollen into ready food for humans.

How to collect raw honeybee pollen from the hive

Pollen is collected by the honeybees from the anthers of flowers while they visit them. Pollen is stored in the pollen baskets on the posterior legs of the bees and brought to the hive. To make the pollen stick together, the bees add some saliva and nectar. In the hive, it is stored in the honey combs, and used as food for the bees. Bee pollen is the primary source of protein for the hive. Pollen pellets can be harvested as food for humans because of their rich content in vitamins, proteins and minerals. This technology explains how to collect raw pollen from movable frame hives.

Comment capturer une colonie sauvage souterraine

Il existe différents moyens pour augmenter le nombre de colonies dans son rucher. Attirer un essaim dans une ruchette d’appât est le plus simple. Cependant, en tant qu’apiculteur, vous serez parfois appelé par le voisinage afin de récupérer une colonie naturelle installée à un endroit qui dérange. La capture d’une colonie sauvage est une opération délicate. Cette fiche vous présente un exemple concret et illustré pas à pas, de comment capturer une colonie sauvage souterraine. Celle-ci est également accompagnée de vidéos à la fin de la fiche que je vous invite à regarder.

Comment fabriquer une vareuse

En tant qu’apiculteur, les vêtements de protection sont indispensables pour travailler dans de bonnes conditions et se protéger des piqures d’abeilles. Il existe différents types de tenues de protection. Cette fiche décrit la fabrication d’un modèle qui est une blouse de protection qui vous sera bien utile. Elle a été écrite par BNNS en collaboration avec les couturières de la Plateformes des Associations des Apiculteurs des Cataractes (PLAAC), basée à Mbanza-Ngungu en République Démocratique du Congo.

Comment fabriquer une ruche a barrettes en Nkoko

Voici le modèle de ruche à barrettes « la Grande » fabriqué en palmier raphia. Ce modèle est fabriqué en bois par la Plateforme des Associations des Apiculteurs des Cataractes (PLAAC), en République Démocratique du Congo (voir la technologie TECA «Comment fabriquer une ruche a barrettes « la grande » »). Le palmier raphia est un matériel naturel pouvant être utilisé pour fabriquer tout type de ruche là où il est présent. Cette fiche fût réalisée par BNNS en collaboration avec des apiculteurs de la PLAAC.

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