Cette fiche présente un modèle d’enfumoir fabriqué par la Plateforme des Apiculteurs des Cataractes, en RDC qui ne nécessite pas de soudures. Vous y trouverez des schémas bien détaillés, des photos et conseils permettant à tous bricoleurs/artisans de se lancer dans des essais de fabrication d’un modèle d’enfumoir simplifié dont l’efficacité a été reconnue par de nombreux apiculteurs.
Cette fiche a été écrite par BNSS en collaboration avec André Makenbo de la Plateforme des Apiculteurs des Cataractes (PLAAC), en RDC.
The floating garden practice is a local indigenous production system most successful in the wetland/submerged areas of selected south and south-western districts (Pirojpur, Barisal and Gopalganj) in Bangladesh. Floating garden agricultural practices have been adopted by local farmers for near two centuries. This technology describes how to construct and use floating gardens for seedling production of vegetable and spice crops in Bangladesh.
Floating agriculture (locally name as vasoman/dhap chash) is a local innovative crop production technology for the submerged ecosystem of the southern region of Bangladesh. Traditionally, the farmers of Gopalganj, Pirojpur and Barisal districts have been practicing the farming technology since about two centuries for adaptation with the flooded/submerged condition. To improve the traditional floating garden agriculture practices for growing cucurbits or creeper type of vegetable crops successfully research programmes were undertaken. This technology describes how the improved practice for vegetable production is implemented and managed.
Floating garden practice is a local indigenous production system most successful in the wetland/submerged/flooded areas of selected south and south-western districts (Pirojpur, Barisal and Gopalganj) of Bangladesh. Floating garden agricultural practices have been adopted by the local farmers since about two centuries ago. This technology describes in detail how to construct and manage floating gardens for production of different crops (vegetables and spices).
The integrated compost and poultry system is a farming method that combines composting, poultry raising, and egg production. It is a low-cost method to raise chickens while producing good quality compost. Feed costs are almost eliminated because food scraps, manure, and mulch are used for feed – all of which can be obtained from either the same farm or sourced cheaply from nearby restaurants or markets. These birds are fed a zero-grain diet and are comparatively more robust and toned than grain-fed chickens. The number of eggs produced from compost-fed chickens is the same, if not more (by up to 1/3), than that of grain-fed chickens. The protein content in the chicken feed is high and very good quality compost is made from this system.
The system explained in this technology employs a trailer that provides housing for protection of predators, collection of eggs, and capture of feces of the chicken to enrich the compost. An automatic watering system ensures that there is always enough water for the birds to keep them hydrated. The resulting compost is rich in nutrients and is recycled into vegetable gardens that produce high quality fruits and vegetables. This system is designed for about 36 adult birds because the chicken coop (a repurposed trailer) has six perches; each perch holds six chickens. The chickens have the option to lay their eggs on two different sides of the trailer where they are housed. Depending on the breed and the age of the birds, in four weeks’ time, this system will produce a high amount of quality compost, over 200 eggs, and robust chickens that can continue to produce eggs or be processed for food.
Fish feed/aquafeed is one of the most expensive inputs for small aquaculture farms. At the same time it is one of the most important components, especially for the whole aquaculture ecosystem. This is also true for aquaponics because the fish feed sustains both the fish and vegetable growth. The technology below provides two simple recipes for a balanced fish feed for use in small-scale fish farms or aquaponic systems. The first formulation is made with proteins of vegetable origin, mainly soybean meal. The second formulation is mainly made with fishmeal. In addition, the technology provides a selection of live fish feed to supplement the pelleted feed. This technology of farm-made aquafeed production is most appropriate for small-scale aquaculture farming, and is best used when commercial feed is difficult or expensive to obtain.
Tradicionalmente la adaptación de las prácticas agrícolas toma en cuenta las consecuencias de los desastres y fenómenos naturales, su prevención y mitigación. Una de las prácticas que intenta reducir el impacto de las sequías, inundaciones y de los ciclones tropicales y lluvias, es la construcción de graneros llamados localmente “Colombier”. Se trata de una estructura construida con altos postes, donde los granos y las semillas recogidas o cultivadas pueden estar almacenados por periodos extensos, asegurando que no se pierdan cuando se presenten de catástrofes naturales. La siguiente tecnología explica cómo usar y construir un “Colombier”.
Livestock refuge mounds (Spanish: Lomas de resguardo ganadero) are small mounds of 1.80 – 2.20 m height covering an area of about 0.5-1 ha. In 11 communities of Beni (Bolivia), a region highly vulnerable to natural disasters, these traditional hills do not only provide shelter for livestock but are also used to safeguard agricultural products in periods of flooding. The mounds are surrounded by water channels with a capacity of 13,000 m3 providing water for livestock during the dry season. In addition, the water channels can also be used for irrigation of horticulture and for fish farming which allow for complementary nutrition.
Traditional agricultural adaptation practices in Haiti address the consequences of natural disasters, preventing and mitigating them. One such practice, intended to reduce the impact of droughts, floods and tropical cyclones and storms, is the construction of a granary called “Colombier”. It is a structure built on high posts where grains and beans may be stored for extended periods of time. This secures them from being washed away or otherwise damaged by catastrophic events. This technology explains how to use and construct a “Colombier”.