The University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB)

The University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB) is one of the seven autonomous campuses of the University of the Philippines (UP) System. It has its beginnings in the UP College of Agriculture that was established in 1908 and went on to become a leader in higher education and in research and development in agriculture and forestry in the Southeast Asia-Pacific region. In 1972, it was named the first constituent university of the UP System.

 

The Bee Program

The UPLB Bee Program is a multi-disciplinary, integrated research and extension program established on the 27tFebruary 1989. Its initial overall objective is to promote, formalize and make more effective the integration and coordination of all bee related projects and research and extension activities of UP Los Ban os and some national bee program of the Department of Agriculture.

It is committed to promote beekeeping to various sectors of our society and make it a viable industry. It is working with different organizations through research and extension towards the sustained production of quality bee products and conservation of bee species.

 

Contacts: 
Contact person: 
Cleofas Cervancia
País: 
Philippines

Technologies from The University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB)

 

Propagación de las abejas sin aguijón usando cáscaras de coco

Las cáscaras de coco se utilizan para hacer la cosecha de miel más fácil y disminuir la mortalidad de las abejas jóvenes o cría. La forma más habitual de recolección de miel de las colonias salvajes destruye una gran parte de la colmena. Las abejas necesitan mucho tiempo para reparar el nido dañado. Este problema se minimiza mediante el método descrito aquí, donde la cáscara de coco sirve como “cámara de miel” equivalente a las alzas que actúan como mielarios en las colmenas modernas. Una ventaja importante de este método es que no hay necesidad de reubicar los nidos, y por lo tanto se conservan las poblaciones silvestres de abejas. Simplemente se añade una cáscara de coco a una colonia ya establecida.
Esta tecnología es una adaptación de Abejas para el Desarrollo de 2003 (Bees for Development), volumen 67.

Cómo Cosechar Miel, Polen y Propóleos de las Abejas sin Aguijón

A parte del papel de las abejas sin aguijón en la polinización de los cultivos, podría haber un beneficio adicional a partir de los valiosos productos producidos por la colmena: miel, polen y propóleos. Esta tecnología estudia el procedimiento para la recolección de miel, polen y propóleos de abejas sin aguijón en colmenas de cáscara de coco y cajas de madera.

Uso de Abejas sin Aguijón para la Polinización

Si bien la tecnología de cáscara de coco es la forma más fácil y más barata para propagar las abejas sin aguijón, puede que no sea práctica para el transporte entre las islas para la polinización de los grandes cultivos de plantación como el mango. Por lo tanto, se diseñó una colmena de madera adecuada para este propósito. Esta tecnología explica cómo construir la colmena de madera, así como los requisitos para la utilización de las abejas sin aguijón para la polinización.

Propagation of Stingless Bees Using Coconut Shells

Coconut shells are used to make honey harvesting easy and to decrease mortality of young bees or brood. The usual way of harvesting honey from wild colonies destroys a large portion of the nest. The bees spend long time to mend the damaged nest. This problem is minimized by the method described here, where the coconut shell serves as the “honey chamber” equivalent to the honey super in modern bee hives. A major advantage of this method is that there is no need to relocate the nests, thus wild populations of bees are conserved. A coconut shell is simply added to an already established colony.

This technology is adapted from Bees for Development 2003, volume 67.

Harvesting honey from giant honey bees in the Philippines

Harvesting honey from colonies of giant honey bees, Apis breviligula and Apis dorsata can be a profitable village enterprise. Smoke is used to drive away the bees from their nest. The honey comb is cut and separated from the pollen and brood. The comb is processed in a honey house to limit contamination. Dehumidification is done when necessary to lower the moisture content to at least 23%. Extracted and dehumidified honey is bottled in glass jars.

How to Harvest Honey, Pollen and Propolis from Stingless Bees

On top of the role of stingless bees in crop pollination, additional income could be derived from the valuable hive products they produce: honey, pollen and propolis. This technology discusses the simple procedure for gathering honey, pollen and propolis from stingless bees in coconut shells hives and wooden boxes.

Use of Stingless Bees for Pollination

While the coconut shell technology is the easiest and cheapest way to propagate stingless bees, it may not be practical for inter-island transport for pollination of large plantation crops like mango. Thus, a suitable wooden hive was designed for this purpose. This technology explains how to build the wooden hive as well as the requirements for utilizing stingless bees for pollination.