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Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) / FAO

Over centuries, generations of farmers, fisher folks and herders have developed complex, diverse and locally adapted agricultural systems with time-tested technologies. These systems have not only provided multiple goods and services for rural communities, but also created, maintained and inherited remarkable knowledge, outstanding rural landscapes, globally significant agricultural biodiversity and unique cultures. In 2002, FAO started an initiative for the conservation of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), in order to promote public understanding, awareness, national and international recognition of these systems.

The concept of GIAHS is distinct from, and more complex than, a conventional heritage site or protected area/landscape. It is rather a living, evolving system of human communities in an intricate relationship with their territory, cultural or agricultural landscape or biophysical and wider social environment. The humans and their livelihood activities have continually adapted to the potentials and constraints of the environment and also shaped the landscape and the biological environment to different degrees. The resilience of many GIAHS sites has been developed and adapted to cope with climatic variability and change, natural hazards, new technologies and changing social and political situations, so as to ensure food and livelihood security and alleviate risk.

By coping with challenges of today and tomorrow, GIAHS with its contribution to achieving UN SDGs is gaining positive momentum and upscaling worldwide.

 

 

 

Contacts: 
Contact person: 
Secretariat of GIAHS
País: 
Italy

Technologies from Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) / FAO

 

Prácticas tradicionales de jardines flotantes para la producción de hortalizas en Bangladesh

El presente documento es una traducción de la versión original en inglés (http://teca.fao.org/read/8867). La práctica del jardín flotante es un sistema de producción indígena local de mayor éxito en los humedales, áreas sumergidas e inundadas de los distritos seleccionados del sur y sur-oeste (Pirojpur, Barisal y Gopalganj) de Bangladesh. Las prácticas agrícolas de jardín flotante han sido adoptadas por los agricultores locales desde hace casi dos siglos. Esta tecnología se describe en detalle cómo construirla y gestionar estos jardines para la producción de diferentes cultivos (hortalizas y especias).

Traditional floating garden practices for seedling production in Bangladesh

The floating garden practice is a local indigenous production system most successful in the wetland/submerged areas of selected south and south-western districts (Pirojpur, Barisal and Gopalganj) in Bangladesh. Floating garden agricultural practices have been adopted by local farmers for near two centuries. This technology describes how to construct and use floating gardens for seedling production of vegetable and spice crops in Bangladesh.

Traditional floating garden practices for vegetable production in Bangladesh

Floating garden practice is a local indigenous production system most successful in the wetland/submerged/flooded areas of selected south and south-western districts (Pirojpur, Barisal and Gopalganj) of Bangladesh. Floating garden agricultural practices have been adopted by the local farmers since about two centuries ago. This technology describes in detail how to construct and manage floating gardens for production of different crops (vegetables and spices).

Rice-Fish Culture System (RFC)

Rice-Fish Culture System is an aquaculture system that integrates growing fish in flooded paddy fields. In general, RFC systems could include not only fin-fish but also other aquatic animals. Rice-fish farming is practiced in many countries around the world, particularly in Asia and has great potential in countries with vast areas of irrigated rice fields. This practice shows the main topics to keep in mind for developing a good Rice-fish system and the application of low cost technology for the production of fish in irrigated rice fields.