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Using pig’s intestines to control termites

Dear members,

Many thanks for your contributions to our previous discussion “Using Urine and Ash to Control Pests and Diseases in Passion Fruit, Groundnuts, Maize and Potatoes”. Your contributions are of great value towards developing the technology.

Today, I am sharing with you another technology “using pig’s intestines to control termites” that has been shared by a farmer in Masindi District.  Kabahemura Rachael, the author of this idea says, she learnt it from one old man in her village and has since used it successfully on three occasions. Since March 2011 when she last applied the practice, termites have not come back to the mounds she treated.

Summary

Termites are very important in various soil processes but can be destructive to farm structures and crops. They build mound in gardens, grazing areas and farm structure. Termites damage crops by eating their root and stems. However, due to the advantages they offer, eliminating termites from the farm would not be a very good idea. A farmer therefore needs a method that can help control them if they happen to be in undesirable locations on the farm. This technology describes how this can be done using pig’s intestines.

Preparation

  •  Keep pig’s intestines with their contents in a covered container such as a plastic bucket for about five days so that they develop a bad smell.

Application

  • Dig a 2 to 3 feet deep hole on top of the termite mound making sure you reach the termites.
  • Pour about 1kg of the bad smelling pig’s intestines in the hole and cover it immediately.
  • After three days, the termites should have left the mound.

Like we did for our previous discussion, please let us know if you have used or heard about this or a similar practice and share with us your experience.

  1. Does it provide a permanent control once applied or it has to be repeated periodically?
  2. Does it always work or only under certain conditions?
  3. What can be added to this technology to make it more effective?
  4. Do you know any other local method used to control termites? 

Comments

Karin Nichterlein's picture

Possiano thank you for sharing this information with us. I would like to draw your attention to a recent publication from Ghana assessing farmers' strategies to control termites. There intestine of rats of dead animals are used to control termites, and there seems to be a regional preference: while it is very little used in Greater Accra, it is widely used in the Volta Region. Please see: http://www.m.elewa.org/JABS/2012/49/7.pdf. There is also an email addresss given of the corresponding author to find out more.

You mentioned the practice has been used by one farmer, so it would be good to know, if the practice your descibed is also in other regions and by other farmers in Uganda.

Dear Members, we have managed to make a quick survey and got some testimonies of people who have used this local technology and other methods to control termites from their fields. The testimonies are from different regions that is Central, Eastern, Northern and western Uganda. The technology is mostly used in the Central (Mukono district) and western Uganda (Masindi district) to manage the termites. Please read through these interesting testimonies (mostly in their raw form) and feedback will be welcome. Enjoy

Masindi

Joseph Lyai from Masindi district, Kibimbya village, in September 2011 used about 2kgs of pig intestines to control termites. In his own words he says “I Dug the Ant hill Top, Put the Pig Intestines and Covered with Soil”. He used this method controlled the termites and since then they did not back to the anthill”.

Wilson Biferamunda from Masindi district, Kyabagabo village, says he never used the pig intestines and he has never seen anyone using the pig intestines to control termites. But for him he knows another method of “Digging out the queen and killing it”.

Deo Kato from Kyakayaga 1 village, in Masindi district, knows of another method as he explains “Use urine equivalent to one litre, get a tobacco leaf equivalent to 300g squeeze it and mix it with urine still add 250g of red pepper make a hole on the anthill pour the mixture and cover it”.

Grace Atum from Masindi district, Karagalya village, knows of a farmer Alfred Atum who had used pig intestines to control termites as she explains “After slaughtering a pig he went and dug a hole on top of anthill with termites and he puts the intestine (4kgs) and he covered with soil after 7days the termites were not seen any more”.

Rebecca Naula from Masindi district, Kyema village, also used the technology in October 2011 as she explains “I got 2kg of pig’s intestines and l dung a hole on top of anti-hill after that l put the intestines and cover” and this controlled the termites. She also knows of another method used to control termites as she explains below “You can use 2-3kg of neem leaves. Soak the leaves into 2 liters of water over night. Boil the mixture for15-20minutes until 1cup is left, Dilute with 10-15litres of water and spray the Crops, the termites will take back to the anti-hill and all termites will be killed”.

Aminah Mbabazi from madindi municipality, Nyamigisa village, knows another method of controlling termites as she explains “You get ash, mix with urine, then add hot pepper there after pour in the ant hill, and cover the hole on top of the ant hill”.

Julius Akugizibwe from Masindi municipality also explains another method of controlling termites “Digging out the queen from the ant hill. Using insecticide, you pour it in the ant hill”.
Johnson Balihikya from Kakwese village in Masindi district says he uses “Crude waragi” to control the termites.

Mike Busingye from Masindi district, Biizi village, used the technology in February 2012 using steps we described in CKW search and he used about 2kgs of pig intestines. He also knows another method of “Removal of queen by use of a hoe”.

Alice Aol from Masindi, Mombi village for her she says “I dug a hole near the anthill for running water to enter in the anthill”.

Justo Kyomukama from Masindi, Kiryamongo village, she also controls termites by “Dismantling the anthill and remove the queens”.

Mukono-Buikwe
Moses Odokaje from Mukono district, Kirijja-Butooke village, also used all the pig intestines from one pig to control the termites, but for him, in addition to the pig intestines he also used one cup of red pepper and in his own words he says “After getting the intestines, i dug a hole on top of the hill. I poured red pepper first then the intestines. I immediately covered them with soil. NB. I didn't keep them for some time.” He adds on that this controlled the termites initially, but later the termites came back, he says “Like after one season of 3-4months”.

Prossy Gwokyalya from Mukono district, Gwagalo village, she has never used the pig intestines herself, but she knows a farmer Ben Kigoonya who uses the intestines to control termites. The farmer says he uses about two and a half kilograms, in his own words he says “I get two and a half kg of pigs intestines l put in a bucket of urine cover and keep for seven days to get the bad smell then l dig a hole on the top of an anthill and l poured. The termites disappeared with in four days”. But she also says that urine can be used to control termites.

For Kawuma Gonzaga from Namataba village, Mukono district, he has never used nor seen anyone using pig intestines to control termites, but he knows of another method as he says how it is done “By digging a trench around the anthill to prevent termites to cross from the anthill to the garden “.

Charles Wakonyi from Mukono district, Nabitimpa village, used the pig intestines in November 2010, for him he added cow urine as he explains “Put the intestines (2kgs) and urine (5litres) in a bucket, cover it for four days to get a bad smell, then dig a hole on top of the anthill, pour the substance and cover it with soil. In two days the termites are no more”.

Hilda Namuddu from Mukono district, Kikaula ward village, used the pig intestines in February 2012 as she explains “I buried them for 4 days and after I took them to anthill for 2 days”. And she says termites where controlled and never came back”.

Yidi Bulo from mukono dictrict, Namawojjolo west village, used the technology in February, 2012 as he explains “I got 2kgs of pig's intestines and I kept for four days to smell badly after that I dug a hole at the top of anthill and I put these intestines in the hole and then I cover with soil” and termites were no more.

Margrate Serunkuma from Mukono district, Gonve village, she knows of use of salt to control the termites.

Gertrude Nakigozi form Buikwe district, Bibbo village, knows another method as she explains “Pick hot red pepper and chop it. Mix 1kg of chopped pepper into 10L of water and boil up to 100degrees immediately remove Top of the Anthill properly and pore the boiled mixture after put back the Top properly everything inside will die”.

Jane Namukwaya from Mukono, Najjembe sub-county, Kikube village also use another method of controlling termites as she explains “You get 5litres of urine 20grms of wood ash add 10litres of water and store for 3days. You make a hole on top of the ant hill and pour the mixture after u cover with soil”

Authman Ssentamu from Mukono district, Buikwe subcounty, Ajija Malongwe village, used 3kgs of pig’s intestines technology to control termites in February 2010 as she explains “I push that amount into one of the down outlet and completely cover the rest to enclose the smell. Within 4 days the anthill would be collapsed”. He knows o another technology of “Taping running water towards the anthill through an outlet”

Kapchorwa

For Mr. Charles Chebet, from Kapchorwa district, Sipi sub county, Chekwanda parish, Kamarar village; used about 3kgs of pig intestines in February, 2012 to control termites, but to the intestines he added donkey dung and water as he explains “Grinded (3kgs) pig intestines, mixed Donkey Dug (5kgs), mixed all with (40Liters) Water and poured in the holes and covered with soil”. He said this method controlled the termites”. He also adds that another method that can be used is use of “donkey dung”.

Nelson Bushendich from Kapchorwa district, Binyiny sub county, Toswo parish, in Chekwosum village, has never used or seen anyone using the pig intestines to control termites but he know another method as he explains “Boiling water one big source pan full ,and digging the termite hill hence powering the hot water through those holes”.

Nwoya

Alex Okwonga from Padyek village in Nwoya district explains another method of controlling termites as “Using gum seeds to kill termites in the anthill. When using this method, collect dry seeds from gum tree and remove the cover or pods then pound until its fine and add water on it then stir it. Dig a hole on top of the anthill and pour the solution in a hole you dug and cover the hole again then check the anthill in one to two weeks, you find no termites and sometime the anthill may be cracked because gum seed is very poisoning and when using care should be taken especially domestic animals and children should be away as its poison”.

Dear Members, we also managed to get some photos from some of the farmers, however i will only share some that were clear.
These were from the following farmers among others
1. Charles Wakonyi
2. Hilda Namuddu
3. Mike Busingye
4. Moses Odokaje
5. Rebecca Naula

Images: 
Karin Nichterlein's picture

This is an impressive collection of traditional practices to control termites.

A few questions:
Do termites appear all over the year, or are there certain periods when it is more a problem?
Is there a period where the practices described are more successfully applied?
Some users say they have used a method, and termites did not come back, one said they came back after 3-4 months. Can we get more precise information on the period from when the practice was applied and when the farmers were interviewed?

The various methods described do we know, if it is more a repellent efffect or non-repellent effect (meaning termites are killed)?

For additional sources of information on termite damage and control see:
http://www.infonet-biovision.org/res/res/files/490.HDRA%20Termite.pdf
http://www.chem.unep.ch/pops/termites/termite_ch4.htm
http://www.unep.org/dewa/Africa/publications/AEO-2/content/186.htm
Review on studies about farmers knowledge: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art48/

Dear Karin, Thanks for the interesting questions, they surely guided us in getting more important information.
I managed to talk to 10 farmers, who in the previous interview had reported termites being a problem on their farms.

Season when termites are more problematic and practice more effective

Eight out of the ten farmers reported that termites are actively building mounds during the wet season though their damage to crops is common towards the end of the rainy season (towards harvesting) and early during the dry season when the soil is still moist. These farmers reported applying the practice successfully during the wet season. Two sugarcane farmers from central Uganda reported termite damage throughout the year in their sugarcane plantations located in wetlands. One of these farmers has applied pig’s intestines successfully both during the dry and wet season while the other uses inorganic pesticides.

Practice more repellant

The methods described by farmer tend to show a repellant effect than killing the termites. The farmers reported that using these methods does not lead to extinction of the termites in their gardens. Termites actually build new mounds in the same garden but in new locations during the next wet season after the practice is applied. This means farmers have to repeat this practice on every new mound that comes up.

Duration between application of the practice and the interview

Information about this practice was collected in March 2012. The farmer interviewed applied this practice at varying dates, between the first wet season of 2010 and the first wet season of 2012. The first wet season is between the months of February to April. One farmer who reported the termites coming back to the anthill applied the treatment in September 2010 and termites came back to the same mounds in the next wet of February-April 2011. This farmer has since then resorted to use of synthetic chemical to control termites on his farm.

Dear members,

I got two other alternative methods farmer use to control termites.

Gertrude Nakyaze from Mukono district in Central Uganda uses Tephrosia leaves. She grinds about 2kg of the fresh leaves and mixes them in 1 litre of water. She squeezes the leave to obtain a liquid that she pours in a hole made on top of the termite mound. She then covers the hole with soil. She says a single application is enough to kill the termites in a mound.

Patrick Kyaligonza from Masindi mixes maize seed with ash when planting to prevent them from being eaten by termites. He mixes half a cup (half litre cup) of ash for every kilo gram of maize seed before planting.

I think the second method is really a good one; ash supplies nutrients to the germinating maize plants on top of controlling termites and other soil born pests.

Hello! I am very interested to know more about the Tephrosia Leaf, as I have begun to read about it, I have seen many instances where it has been used as an insect repellent.

In Kenya, the leaf was used as a good insecticide/repellant against the golden flea beetle. This is excellent to hear as these sorts of extracts can give way to a more eco-friendly and cost-effective substitutes for synthetic pesticides. (http://www.connectjournals.com/file_html_pdf/1298202H_93-103a.pdf)

I would love to hear of more instances and the techniques used involving the Tephrosia leaf as a repellant of termites or other pests.

Thanks Molly for the interest in Tephrosia. I have started another discussion on the use of tephrosia to control ticks and worms in cattle and goats. I got this information from a farmer who has been using this practice for five years. Please check the discussion "Using Tephrosia to control internal and external animal parasites" for details on its application. Thanks

I know, if I want to get freed from the pests that are causing great inconvenience to the entire family, then I should meet the professionals immediately, as they will apply the modern technologies for pest control, without using the toxic chemicals.

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