PIGERY FARMING IN UGANDA

Emmanuel Ngolobe's picture

Can piggery farming be of much importance to the local household farming communities in a bid to fight poverty.

If yes,How vital  and valuable could this Project be?

How can we help  our communities realise the value in this enterprise?

Compare having 12 Saws and 2 bore for can this be economical?

Let us share ideas on this issue

 

 

Comments

Hi Emmanuel, My name is Molly, I am working on the TECA platform and discovered your question about Piggery Farming.

I really do not know too much about this subject, but I decided to look into it. From what I have read, piggery farming can be very beneficial to raising the economic levels of families. I have not been able to track down an economic impact report that estimates about how valuable the project may be, but there are a few articles highlighting success stories of piggery farming, Uganda included.

It is also mentioned though that pig farms and the pigs must be properly medicated, maintained, and the likes- quite often the farms do not succeed because of a sickness or malnutrition of the pigs. Here is a pdf, from 1999 by the Uganda National Farmers' Association, on "Raising Income through Pig Farming." (http://partners.cta.int/UNFFE/Documents/Pig%20%20Farming.pdf) Although a bit outdated, it still could be of help.

I am going to pass on this question to someone in my office that has more expertise and knowledge on farming of this sort. Hopefully they can either post it directly or pass the information along to me to share.

Ultimately, I imagine piggery farming would be of great value and offer better opportunities to raise income levels and ensure food security, I just am not aware of all details involved.

Hope to get back to you soon!!

Hello again, I was provided with three more useful sites/documents that could help answer some of these questions and want to pass them on.

The Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department of the FAO offers this: http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/themes/en/pigs/home.html

The Pigtrop is about pig production in developing countries: http://pigtrop.cirad.fr/home

Lastly, the FAO has published a booklet called Pigs for Prosperity:  http://www.fao.org/docrep/015/i2471e/i2471e00.pdf

Hopefully these may be of help, assuming there still is interest in piggery farming!

 

Christopher Mulindwa's picture

I want to provide answers to your questions Emmanuel! First of all, thank you Molly Haragan for such important answers. The information has helped me learn more about the sector am practicing.

To introduce my self, I am Christopher Mulindwa, working with Pig Production and Marketing Uganda limited (Productions Manager). The company entirely deals in Pigs starting from production to marketing. We closely work with smallholder pig farmers helping them produce and then provide market for their produce not leaving out largescale pig farmers even though they also look like smallscale farmers if compared with countries where piggery has fully been exploited on a commercial basis.

Piggery  Farming in Uganda (Background information - ILRI)

 

Over the past three decades pig production has become an increasingly important activity in Uganda, as indicated by the change in pig population from 0.19 to 3.2 million. In 2011, Uganda has the highest per capita consumption of pork meat in Sub-Saharan Africa (3.4 kg/person/year).  In Uganda there are more than 1.1 million families raising pigs, mostly as a backyard activity in smallholder households in peri-urban and rural areas. Pigs play an important role in the livelihoods of poor families, because they are important assets, help to generate income to cover emergency needs and pay school fees, but also are means to use crop residues and kitchen left over’s, and generate manure used to fertilize high value crops.  Frequently, women and children are responsible for the management of pigs, whereas men do the marketing.

The majority of pigs in Uganda, as in many other Sub-Saharan African countries, are produced by a large informal subsector, with limited access to technology information and services. This applies to all actors of the value chain, including farmers, traders, butchers, and retailers.

Several problems have been identified along the pig value chain in Uganda. Regarding feeding, there is a lack of year-round stability of feed supply, and feed quality control measures are absent. In animal health, several problems have been identified, among those the presence of frequent breakouts of African Swine Fever and Foot and Mouth Disease that produce significant animal losses, along with parasitic diseases which also affect the economy of pig farming. Inbreeding also affects the productive and reproductive performance of pigs. Poor housing infrastructure affects animal welfare and hygiene, does not allow the efficient collection and use of manure, and could contribute to pollute water sources. Moreover, when animals are (scavenging), it may result in conflicts with neighbors producing crops.

 

The lack of sanitary control in slaughtering, processing and commercialization of pork meat, results in food safety risks. Poor market infrastructure and institutional arrangements (underdeveloped marketing system) result in a large number of middlemen, and high price difference between rural and urban markets, all these translates into small producer margins. Also, limited opportunities for knowledge sharing between producers, public officials, development agents, and scientists, result in limited uptake of proven technologies. 

Why Pigs - PPM LTD

 

Pigs can be raised in controlled or free environment, as a small- or large-scale business. But in whatever size, a prospective farmer would need inputs as to how to raise pigs efficiently and in a more productive manner.

Pigs have a number of advantages that suit rural citizens making it one of the best way to run to in order to solve the issue of poverty.

The pig has highest feed conversion efficiency i.e. they produce more live weight gain from a given weight of feed than any other class of meat producing animals except broilers.

The pig can utilize wide variety of feed stuffs viz. Grains, forages, damaged feeds and garbage and convert them into valuable nutritious meat. Feeding of damaged grains, garbage and other home wastes reduce the stress of buying food stuffs hence spending less or no money on food.

They are prolific with shorter generation interval. A sow can be bred as early as 8-9 months of age and can farrow twice in a year. They produce 6-12 piglets in each farrowing.

Pig farming requires small investment on buildings and equipment’s.

Pigs are known for their meat yield, which in terms of dressing percentage ranges from 65-80 in comparison to other livestock species whose dressing yields may not exceed 65%.

Pork is most nutritious with high fat and low water content and has got better energy value than that of other meats. It is rich in vitamins like thiamin, Niacin and riboflavin. So this practice also fights Malnutrition.

Pig manure is widely used as fertilizer for agriculture farms and fishponds.

Pigs store fat rapidly for which there is an increasing demand from poultry feed, soap, paints and other chemical industries.

Pig farming provides quick returns since the marketable weight of fatteners can be achieved with in a period of 6-8 months.

There is good demand from domestic as well as export market for pig products such as pork, bacon, ham, sausages, lard etc.

How can we help our communities realise the value in this enterprise?

Uganda community mostly the rural community is already aware of the importance of the pig enterprise! From my experience at work and the research assitance to ILRI, I realised that farmers have a number of reasons as to why they keep pigs, follow ILRI work on pigs in Uganda. http://livestock-fish.wikispaces.com/VCD+Uganda. There has been limited assistance to smallholder pig farmers in Uganda on extension services, veterinary services, and feeds. We can appreciate institutions like the NAADS that have tried to do some work on pigs with smallholder farmers but the corruption has not made their efforts productive. 

Compare having 12 Saws and 2 bore for can this be economical?

Depending on the situation of the sector here, keeping 2 boars for 12 sows  is not economically advisable. One boar can serve more than 30 sows taking the fact that all sows don't go on heat at the same time. Piggery require more than buying breeding stock, you have to think about feeding whis is the most expensive part in pig production, different biological measures of preventing African Swine Fever the main threat to pig production in Uganda, veterinary service, labor etc. If you carefully plan, trust me pig farming is a lucrative venture and a credible tool to fighting rural household poverty. For any information and assistance in pig production here in uganda, you can write to me; chrismulindwa@pigfarmers.co.ug or visit PPM LTD website www.pigfarmers.co.ug

 

 

Cyntia Lima's picture

Dear Christopher, 

Thank you for sharing this so interesting information with us! It was really useful for the discussion. 

I am looking forward for more contributions like this from you and from the other members! 

Greetings from TECA

 

 

Dear Emmanuel,

Thanks for bringing up this interesting discussion and thanks Christopher for the elaborate information given.

Rearing pigs is surely a profitable venture. It offers an opportunity for farmers to venture in both at small and large scale. To realize profits from the venture, a farmer has select a good breed, ensure that the pigs are well feed, kept healthy and provided with good housing. Providing all these does not necessarily have to be expensive. A farmer should find alternative and cost effective means provide necessary conditions. Feeding is one of the most critical and costly factor in a pig rearing. Cutting the costs of feeding therefore offers the farmer an opportunity to increase the profit margin from the venture. However, the options for cutting feeding costs should not compromise the nutrient requirements of the pigs as this will slow their growth and the farmer will end up in even a bigger loss. There are a wide range of options a farmer can explore to cut feeding costs yet meeting the pig’s nutrient requirements. Some of the options are;

  • Mixing own feeds
  • Buying and stocking feed ingredients like maize when the prices are low
  • Feeding on alternative feeds like sweet potato vines, roasted poultry litter mixed with maize bran and brewery waste.
Emmanuel Ngolobe's picture

Thanks Possaino for this great contribution 

Emmanuel Ngolobe's picture

Hullo again, a big thanks to Molly,Christopher,Cynthia and Possiano for all your great contributions to this topic. It is just great that for the past period this info has been posted and very enriching. I will relay it to some farmers in my community as I get there to conduct a study on communication pathways used in the promotion of fruit trees (both indigenous and introduced)

 

Christopher Mulindwa's picture

Dear Emmanuel, I just thought these links from the work we are doing in Uganda can help you and others having interst in pig farming gather more information.

Check youtube videos of our recent pig farmers training: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCN-LnkbLXcNTlJ3fMyv1dGA

Our blogs on pig farming in Uganda: www.pigproductionandmarketing.blogspot.com

Thanks.

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