Technologies by country

This category contains 2 resources

Chalkbrood and Stonebrood

Chalkbrood and Stonebrood are fungal diseases of honeybees (Apis mellifera) that occur worldwide. Chalkbrood is caused by Ascosphaera apis and affects the brood.
Stonebrood is caused by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus fumigatus and affects both the brood and adult bees.

This practice describes the causes and symptoms of Chalkbrood and Stonebrood, how they spread, how to address and prevent these diseases.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in the quality control for the production of extra virgin olive oil in the Canino city hall, Italy

The safeguard of the environment and human health pass through a complex system of interconnected techniques for a better management of agricultural production. in Canino, a little town near Viterbo in the region of Lazio, Italy more than 30 years ago a defense technique against harmful insects to grow olives for the production of extra virgin olive oil was implemented. IPM (Integrated Pest Management) is a mix of agricultural techniques such as pesticides reduction, use of natural enemies, agronomic techniques, etc., to have a better control of the whole agricultural system. In 1996 they obtained the PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) certification as an acknowledgement of the work carried out from 1979. After 35 years in Canino they still use IPM for the management of harmful insects in the olive plantation and today the cooperative of farmers has an international visibility.
This technology aims at giving a quick introduction on IPM principles, i.e.: (1) what is IPM and what are the different IPM methods and (2) what are the benefits of using it.
Here, this technology is specific to olive plantation, but the principles of IPM could be thought, adapted and used for any other kind of plantations/crop production systems, and not only for the olive cultivar. Note that in the text the word cultivar is related to the variety of plant, in this case olive plants, and in this case Canino is both the municipality and the cultivar.