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Hello API Friends,

I am Apitherapist in Lisbon, Portugal.

I have an office where I receive people to treat with Apitherapy since 2003.  Apitherapy means that I use honey bee products to help people to recover from their health problems.

So here we can discuss about Apitherapy.

What problems Apitherapy can help, the properties of all honey bee products and how to use them.

I am here at your disposal for questions.

All the best.

Antonio Couto


Dear API Friends,

As promised, here is the information about the first bee product of our list:


First some curiosities about honey

The attached drawing is a rock drawing found in the cave "Cueva de la araña" in Spain. It is thought that this drawing is about 12,000 years old. The specialists say that the drawing is the first drawing known of a beekeeper. You can see the person with one bag, up on the tree, collecting the honey (with some bees flying around him/her).

Mature honeybees collect nectar from plant blossoms. Nectar is 80 to 95 percent water and 5 to 20 percent sucrose (table sugar). As the bee drink the nectar and transports it back to the hive, a protein enzyme in her stomach, called invertase, breaks the sucrose down into the two simple sugars, fructose and glucose.

In this process, the bees add enzymes (glucose oxidase) who produce hydrogen peroxide to the nectar.

Young bees remove water from the sugar solution using two methods. They pass the nectar from bee to bee and 'drink' the water out of the nectar by absorbing it through their stomach wall. They also create heat and air flow in the hive by vibrating their wings and flight muscles, thus evaporating water out of the nectar which has been stored in open cells of the honey comb.

When most of the sucrose has been converted to fructose and glucose and enough water has been dehydrated out of the mixture to bring it to approximately 17.8% water content, we have a delicious sticky mixture, called honey!

After the honey is ready, bees cap the comb cell in which the honey is stored with beeswax to maintain the low moisture content.

It is well known that one frame of honey can contain different honeys. From this, we may infer that two adjoining cells may contain different honeys, and, further that we do not know the exact formula of the honey contained in any cell until we analyze it. But, if we analyze it we cannot use it. This is a feature of live products and is called the indetermination principle.

The hydrogen peroxide acts against any pathogen that may be present in the nectar.

The composition of honey is generally water, sugars (monosaccharides: fructose and glucose) and minerals (iron, calcium, phosphate, sodium chlorine, potassium, magnesium), but can vary depending on the flowers the nectar was collected from.

So, you can see that honey is a powerful food that provides energy to the bees (and Man).

The acidic pH level of honey (between 3.2 and 4.5) helps prevent the growth of bacteria.

Hydrogen peroxide prevents the decomposition of honey and makes honey an excellent wound dressing: honey inhibits the growth and development of bacteria in the wound and at the same time it feeds the cells and accelerates the healing process.

Please see http://www.principelle-deutschland.de/pdf/Dilution.pdf

Because polycaccharides are transformed into monosaccharides by the bees, the nutrients of the honey are readily available for our body to be absorbed by the blood. This makes honey a really good “vehicle” for other products to be assimilated more quickly by our body.

For example, if you want to enhance the effect of turmeric as an anti-inflammatory agent, mixing it with honey will enhance the power of the turmeric.

The main Properties, Actions and Effects of honey are:

  • Anti-bacterial
  • Anti-septic
  • Anti-fungic
  • Anti-oxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-microbial Redundant? cf anti-bacterial
  • Energetic
  • Laxative
  • Nourishing
  • Healing

The main indications honey can be used for are:

External use:

  • Disorders of the respiratory system (internal use too)
  • Cracked skin and chapped
  • Eye Irritation
  • Dental carie
  • Rheumatic pains
  • Skin burns
  • Cramps
  • Wound healing

Internal use:

  • Intestinal disturbances
  • Digesting difficulty
  • Sore throat
  • Irritation of the urinary tract
  • Diseases of the liver
  • Physical fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Constipation
  • Stomach ulcer

As you can see from the Properties, Actions and Effects and Indications of honey mentioned above, you can not only use honey to treat some problems but, much more important, the consumption of honey can allow you to avoid them and keep the body healthy.

So taking honey daily is a good idea and can help you to stay away from diseases, supply energy to your body and feed your body cells.

Now that we know how powerful honey can be to help us keep our body healthy, we have to know what will be the best honey to use.

The best will be if you can produce your own honey. If you are not able to produce honey you have to find a local beekeeper.

Give your preference always to local bee products. Because usually local bee products have the properties you need (local honey contains local pollens).

For example if you are living at one village located 1000 meters above sea level it means that the plants growing there have more protection to sun radiations (for example) than the same kind of plants who live at the sea level. So if that plants near you has more protection against sun radiation it means that the honey from that plants give you more protection than honey from far away from your location.

To produce the best honey and to allow the honey to keep all the properties mentioned, above, you have to follow these five rules:

  • First rule: Keep your bees healthy to allow them to give you the best and most healthy honey as possible. To keep the bees healthy you have to give them love, supply them fresh water, give them free space (empty boxes) so that the colony can develop and store more honey, and locate your hives near a good source of honey producing flowers.
  • Second rule: extract the honey from the wax combs with the greatest possible sanitary care to avoid contamination that will damage the active ingredients in honey. All materials used in the honey extraction must be as clean as possible. Also don’t extract honey from not yet closed combs (that means this nectar is not yet honey because there is still too much water inside this nectar). If you extract this honey and mix it with the other closed honey combs, all honey can ferment and become not good for consumption if you keep it stored too long time.
  • Third rule: keep the honey protected from light (sun or artificial light).The best is, when you bottle the honey, to cover the bottle immediately with a paper, or a box or to store the honey in a dark place.
  • Fourth rule: never heat the honey. If honey is crystallized the best is to taken it like that. Never melt the honey above the fire or leave it in the sun. The good properties of honey will be lost if you heat the honey to temperature above 40ºC.
  • Fifth rule: store the honey in dry and cool place (never at temperatures above 40°C).

We (Dr. Théodore Cherbuliez and myself) are available to answer your questions.

Bee API,





Hi Antonio and Dr. Theodore,

Here are a few questions I have,

What is the best bee medicine for Diabetes?

What area do you sting for Sciatic Nerve Problems?

Finally, I have epilepsy, and take medicine, but is there a bee medicine you would recommend?

I am a beekeeper in Nashville, Tn

Thanks for putting this together.

Dear Reid and Api friends,

I will give you my opinion now and  Dr. Théodore Cherbuliez can complement later on.

I start by recommending all my patients a detoxifying program before anything else. This detoxifying program is a cleansing of the body, mind and soul.

It means that the patient has to make:

  • Vegetable based diet
  • Colon cleansing (enema)
  • Breathing exercises
  • Drink enough (alcaline) water daily
  • Physical exercices
  • Detoxifying massage
  • Meditation
  • Etc.

Of course I use a different protocol for each patient because we are all different people.  What will be good for you may not be good for another person with the same problem. So it is difficult for me to say what will work well for you without seeing you.

The best bee product to treat diabetes is honey but all bee products can be used (except apitoxin).

My friend Dr. Mamdouh Abdulmaksoud Mohamed is a medical doctor, professor of pediatrics at Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt and he has been treating diabetes patients using honey for many years and the results are absolutely amazing.

Emotions are one of the most important issues at the origin of our health problems.  It means that each emotion like anger, fear, guilt, hate, etc. will “attack” our nervous system and the nervous system will react with some specific organs.      For example, according to Chinese traditional medicine, diabetes is related with anger and guilt and the organs attacked are liver and pancreas.

Studies show that diabetes (type 2) is also related to a deficiency of essential trace minerals like chromium and vanadium. 

Concerning the best points to use bee stings to treat Sciatic Nerve Problems again, it is difficult to say because it depends on the person and how long the person has had the problem.  The best thing would be for you to contact an Apitherapist in your area. You can check the American Apitherapy Association’s website.

I recommend you to take all the bee products on a daily basis.  Bee products have the ability to balance all the organs' work of our body.

So everybody could improve his/her condition with the use of bee products.

About epilepsy maybe Dr. Théodore Cherbuliez can help you because I have no experience with it.



Dear API friends,

Are you ready to learn more about the next bee product ?  

Let's start the discussion about   HONEY DEW HONEY.

Do you know what honey dew is ?

Who can tell me the difference between honey and honey dew honey?



PS: I will start to tell you all about honey dew honey after I have received at least 100 questions from you about honey dew honey.


Dear Antonio,

So... what is honey dew honey ?

I am very impatient to learn about the difference between honey dew honey and honey !

Pls tell us more !

Dear API Friends,

As I promised here is the information about 

Honey Dew Honey

Honey Dew Honey is a little bit different from honey.

In the case of honey, the bees collect the nectar from the flowers (like we already learned in the post about honey above).

In the case of honey dew honey the bees collect a sweet liquid (secretion) from aphids (insects who feed on the sap of plants).  Those insects have a special “tool” like a needle to suck the plant sap from the interior of the plants.

Plant sap is largely composed of water and sugars with a small amount of amino acids. It turns out that while aphids use some of the sugars and other nutrients in the plant sap, they must process a large amount of sap to get usable amounts of proteins. Plant sap only contains about 1-2% of proteins. The rest is expelled and actually ejected away from the insect to land on leaves or needles, branches and the ground below.  The bees collect this secretion and transport it, inside their stomachs, to the hive.

Apparently the honey dew is collected in greater quantity during periods of shortage of nectar.

Honeydew can be found on the leaves of trees like: oak, beech, elm, walnut, poplar, linden, cedars, fruit trees, etc.

So we can conclude that there exist many sources of honey dew honey in all continents.

In general, honeydew honey is higher in minerals and amino acids when compared to floral honey.

Honeydew honey remains liquid (does not chrystallize) because of high fructose and low glucose levels, as well as a low glucose to water ratio.

To summarize, we can say that honey dew honey is:

  • Dark in colour
  • High in minerals and essential oils
  • Does not crystallize easily
  • Is a bit bitter in taste

The ancient Roman naturalist Pliny thought that honeydew fell from the stars and this belief was held for centuries. It was as recent as the 1960s that some beekeepers believed that honeydew collected by bees was sweated out or exuded from trees and plants although it had already been determined by the French naturalist, Reaumur in 1740 to be produced by aphids.

Did you ever hear about pine honey?  And did you ask yourself how bees can make honey from a tree that does not produce flowers?   Well actually, pine tree honey is honey dew honey, produced from pine trees thanks to plant sap sucking aphids that feed on the plant sap of the pine trees.

Some of the therapeutic properties of Honey Dew Honey are:

  • Anti inflamatory
  • Anti oxidant
  • Imunoestimulant
  • Laxant
  • Has purifying action


All the bbbbzzzt


I would like to draw your attention on the process of how honey dew honey is made as mentioned above by Antonio.  It is a beautiful example of how in nature systems are designed to perfection:  the insects (aphids) take the sap, digest of it what they can and excrete what they left. The bees then collect their excretions and extract from them what they then transform into honey dew. This, for me, represents one of the cycles that nature has constructed to show, what we human call recycling waste, as a most natural process, a model given by nature to humans. 


Theodore Cherbuliez


Dear API Friends,

I would like to inform you about a Workshop I am organizing on Bee Venom Therapy (BVT). During the workshop, I will explain and demonstrate the technique I use.  The name of this Bee Venom Therapy technique is MICRO APIPUNCTURE and is from Japan.

I am using this technique since 2005 and the results are much better because we can use the same bee stinger many times on the patient’s skin. That way we can treat a bigger area with the same stinger.  The Micro Apipuncture technique also allows for a better control of the quantity of bee venom used on the patient.

Micro Apipuncture is also much less painful for the patient.  

I would like to invite all people interested in learning the Micro Apipuncture technique to participate in the Workshop.

The workshop will be the first in Europe and will take place from 30 to 31 of May in Oderding, Germany.

I will be conducting the workshop together with Arno Bruder.

You can find all information about the workshop here:  www.apitherapy.academy

We invite interested people to register as soon as possible because we only accept a limited number of people.

Looking forward to meeting you in Germany !

Hugs from Lisbon

Antonio Couto

Dear API Friends,

I would like to continue with our discussion about Apitherapy and the next bee product of our list is: "POLLEN".

Before I speak about it I would like to receive some comments from you about pollen.

What do you think about pollen?

Do you know how to collect pollen from your bees?

Did you try pollen already?

How often do you take pollen?

I am waiting for your comments.

All the best from Lisbon


Dear API friends,

Talking about how offen do you take pollen I would like to share with you all one experiment I did in 2009.

I called this experiment: "Eating like a honey bee".

After you read it, you will understand how important pollen is. And pollen is so important because of its complet composition.


Eating like a honey bee

I decided to do an experiment with myself: eating only bee products as long as possible and see what happens.

The reason for this experiment was to see how long I could survive on beehive products only and also to show to my patients and friends that bee products are great as daily food and they have no side effects.

The bee product that I used most in my diet was fresh pollen because of its unique composition.   The pollen I used during my API experiment was Cistus (Rock Rose) because it was the pollen I had available at the time.

Bee Pollen is one of nature’s unique and most powerful foods, and my experiments has proven this !

Bees collect flower pollen as food for the colony. All bees take pollen except for the queen, she only eats royal jelly (which is by the way also made with pollen).   Bees need energy to fly (one bee can fly up to 40 km per day) and pollen give them that energy.  

Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, believed that bee pollen contributed to longevity, and it looks like he may have been correct.

Some years ago, I conducted a study on longevity among beekeepers and found that in the dry desert areas of Georgia (formerly the Soviet Union) beekeeper's main daily nourishment consists of raw, unprocessed honey with bee pollen.  And many beekeepers past 125 years of age.

Before starting the API diet I wanted to have a blood test to monitor the impact of my experiment.  So, I went to my family doctor and explained what I was thinking to do and asked the doctor for a complete blood test.  He told me I'd better think well before starting this “crazy diet “. He said: “You are not a honey bee, so maybe this diet is dangerous for your health…”

As I suspected that my doctor would not know a lot about pollen and other bee products, I had taken with me some information to give him.  He agreed to read the information I gave him about the composition, effects, properties and actions of bee products.  It was a surprise to him to learn about the composition of pollen because of so full list of vitamins, proteins, minerals, etc.

Chemical Analysis of Honeybee Pollen 


  • Provitamin A (carotenoids)  
  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)  
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
  • Vitamin B5 (panothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)  
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
  • Vitamin D - Vitamin E
  • Vitamin H (biotin)
  • Vitamin K. Choline. Inositol
  • Folic Acid,  
  • Pantothenic acid  
  • Rutin

Vitamin PP (nicotinicamide):





Fatty Acids:

  • Caproic  
  • Caprylic
  • Capric
  • Lauric
  • Myristic
  • Palmitic
  • Palmitoleic
  • Eicosanoic
  • Brucic
  • Uncowa
  • Stearic  
  • Oleic
  • Linoleic
  • Arachidic
  • Stearic
  • Limolenic

Enzymes & Co-enzymes:


  • Phosphatase 

  • Amylase 

  • Cataiase

  • Pectase 

  • Cozymase 

  • Cytochrome systems 

  • Lactic dehydrogenase
Succinic dehydrogenase

I took a blood test before starting the API diet (16 of January 2009) and did a control test at regular intervals.

On the result of the first test (10 March) everything was normal except for the cholesterol (234 mg/dL). My normal cholesterol level is below 190 mg/cl, but because of the Christmas food (from my mother) my cholesterol level increased significantly.

After seeing my first blood test (before starting the diet), my doctor was curious to see the next test (one month after starting the diet).

In order to prepare my body for the experiment gradually during the two weeks before starting the Api diet I took, 3 times per day:

  • 20 g of pollen (one table spoon)
  • 1 table spoon of honey
  • 1 table spoon of bee bread
  • 10 drops of alcoholic propolis extract
  • Fruit
  • More vegetables and fruits

And I eliminated from my diet all meat and fish.

I started the API diet on 1 February 2009 and decided to continue for as long as possible.

As I mentioned before, during the API diets, I used more fresh pollen than any other bee product because I was convinced that pollen is a SUPER food and powerful enough to keep my body in balance.

So in the first week the amounts of pollen were as follows:

  • 100g at breakfast
  • 100g at lunch
  • 50g at dinner

To dissolve the pollen I used fresh fruit and vegetable juices and sometimes yogurt or kefir. I also added to pollen about 20 drops of propolis extract and one spoon of honey.

On 10 March 2009 I did the first blood test after starting the diet. When my family doctor looked at it, he saw that all my values remained at normal levels and the cholesterol had dropped to 168 mg/dl, which is also normal.  He asked me how I felt and I replied that I had never felt so good in my life. I had lost 5 Kg of weight.  

In the second month of the API diet I did another blood test (17/04/2009) and all levels remained normal (cholesterol 170 mg/dl).  After seeing the results of my second blood test, my doctor asked me if I continued to feel well and also asked me a bag of fresh pollen because he wanted to lose weight. ☺

Also during the second month of my experiment, I continued to feel good and stronger every day.  

After 3 months of API diet I had lost 8 Kg of my weight.  My doctor told me he couldn’t ask for more blood tests at the hospital for me anymore because he was afraid that his superior would ask him why he continually asked  for blood tests for such a healthy patient. ☹

But he asked me for one more bag of pollen because he said he started to lose weight very easily. ☺

After 4 months of API diet I started to increase the honey and royal jelly trying to gain some weight. I increased the honey  from 2 to 10 soup spoons (daily) and the royal jelly from 2 gr to 5 gr daily.  At the end of my experiment (after 6 months of diet) I recovered 2 Kg of weight.

I finished my diet on 31 of July 2009 because I couldn’t compare anymore with my last blood tests and also because I decided that 6 months was enough to prove my point.

Fresh pollen is really a superfood and is capable to keep our body in good balance at all levels. It is a good way to lose weight easily, safely, without stress and without side effects.

I started taking pollen in 1998 and I still take it today in my everyday breakfast because I still believe it is the most complete food in the world.  I recommend to all of you to include it in your daily normal diet. For those who never tried it, please do it and you will be surprised.


Be(e) Happy

Antonio Couto